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Migration Dialogue provides timely, factual and nonpartisan information and analysis of international migration issues through five major activities: the newsletters Migration News and Rural Migration News, Changing Face and other Research & Seminars, and the Sloan West Coast Program on Science and Engineering Workers.
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Australian politicians in summer 2013 grappled with foreigners who fly to Indonesia and pay smugglers to take them by boat to Australia's Christmas Island. Some 15,800 foreigners applied for asylum in Australia in 2012.
In July 2013, the Labor government announced that foreigners who arrive by boat without visas and apply for asylum will be sent to Papua New Guinea and Nauru for processing and, if found to be refugees, will be resettled in these countries. Nauru is an island of 10,000 whose phosphate that was used in fertilizers is gone, and PNG is another island with a shaky economy. Australia pays Nauru A$1,000 a month for each asylum seeker it accepts.
Iranian asylum seekers at an Australian-run detention center on the Pacific island nation of Nauru burned most of a facility holding several hundred in July 2013 after the new resettle-in-PNG policy was announced.