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Migration Dialogue provides timely, factual and nonpartisan information and analysis of international migration issues through five major activities: the newsletters Migration News and Rural Migration News, Changing Face and other Research & Seminars, and the Sloan West Coast Program on Science and Engineering Workers.
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France. France in May and June 2014 closed migrant camps near the port of Calais, where migrants wait to slip unto trucks bound for the UK. Migrants were taken from makeshift camps to government centers and told to apply for asylum in France or return to their country of origin. However, many returned to Calais, aiming to board trucks and trains for the UK. In 2002, then interior minister Nicolas Sarkozy ordered a Red Cross center at Sangatte closed.
A Romanian teen named Darius was beaten by a gang of 20 in June 2014 after being accused of stealing from residents of the Cite des Poetes housing project north of Paris. The teen lived in a camp of about 200 Roma near the housing project and was accused of burglaries and thefts; his family offered to return the jewelry he had stolen when the gang demanded a ransom. After Darius was beaten, the Roma abandoned the camp. Most residents of housing projects are descendents of North African guest workers of the 1960s and 1970s.
The European Court of Human Rights in July 2014 upheld the French government's 2010 ban on full-face veils in public, rejecting arguments that the ban undermines freedoms of religion and expression. A Muslim woman charged that banning the niqab, a veil that leaves only eyes visible, and the burqa, a loose garment that covers her entire body with only a mesh over the eyes, violated her religious freedom and put her at risk of discrimination and harassment. The government countered that the veils were a security risk, since they allow a person to conceal his or her identity. Violators can be fined E150.