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Migration Dialogue provides timely, factual and nonpartisan information and analysis of international migration issues through five major activities: the newsletters Migration News and Rural Migration News, Changing Face and other Research & Seminars, and the Sloan West Coast Program on Science and Engineering Workers.
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Labor. The number of newly arrived Mexican-born workers has been decreasing, and agriculture has been one of the first industries to feel the effects. A significant share of farm workers employed one year, often 10 to 20 percent, are not in the seasonal farm work force the next year.
This high turnover makes agriculture a "canary in the coal mine" for noticing the effects of fewer newcomer migrants.
Farmers are reacting to fewer newcomers by persuading current workers to do more farm work and introducing mechanical aids to increase worker productivity. Since harvest workers sometimes work 50 or 60 hours a week during peak periods, there is limited room to increase hours of work. Growers with high quality standards that slow picking must often raise piece-rate wages to retain workers.