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Migration Dialogue provides timely, factual and nonpartisan information and analysis of international migration issues through five major activities: the newsletters Migration News and Rural Migration News, Changing Face and other Research & Seminars, and the Sloan West Coast Program on Science and Engineering Workers.
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Europe, with a tenth of the world's people, has a quarter of the world's countries and a third of the world's migrants. The share of migrants in European countries averages 10 percent, but varies from less than five percent of residents in Eastern Europe to almost 30 percent in Switzerland. European leaders have three major goals: to attract more skilled migrants, keep out the uninvited, and integrate low-skilled migrants and their children who are already settled in Europe.
The EU's 28 member states had 507 million residents at the end of 2013, up a net 653,000 due to immigration. Denmark and Germany had the highest immigration rates, and Cyprus, Greece and Ireland had the highest emigration rates.
Relatively few EU nationals move from one EU country to another, and a third of the 12 million intra-EU migrants are Romanians and Poles. About 40 percent of the non-EU foreigners in the EU are from European countries such as Turkey (considered to be in Europe), a quarter are from Africa, and a fifth are from Asia. Many of these non-EU foreigners are guest workers recruited to fill jobs in the 1960s and 1970s and their descendants.