Skip to navigation
Skip to main content
Migration Dialogue provides timely, factual and nonpartisan information and analysis of international migration issues through five major activities: the newsletters Migration News and Rural Migration News, Changing Face and other Research & Seminars, and the Sloan West Coast Program on Science and Engineering Workers.
Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Migrants from Africa leave in boats from Libya, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey to reach Greece, Italy and Spain and, after applying for asylum, fan out across Europe. In October 2013, a boat sank en route from Libya to Lampedusa, leaving 367 of the 500 Eritreans and Somalis on board dead after passengers set a fire to let nearby boats know that the engine had stalled and the boat was sinking.
During the official day of mourning for the dead migrants on October 4, 2013, Prime Minister Enrico Letta said that the dead migrants had been made "Italian citizens." However, survivors are considered unauthorized entrants. Most apply for asylum so that they can stay in Italy and perhaps move on to other European countries while their applications are pending.
Over 24,000 migrants reached Italy in 2013. There were an estimated 2,000 deaths of migrants in the Mediterranean in 2011, and 1,700 deaths in 2012.