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Migration Dialogue provides timely, factual and nonpartisan information and analysis of international migration issues through five major activities: the newsletters Migration News and Rural Migration News, Changing Face and other Research & Seminars, and the Sloan West Coast Program on Science and Engineering Workers.
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Global economic growth is slowing, especially in the so-called BRIC countries of Brazil, Russia, India and China. The 30 rich countries account for over 60 percent of the world's almost $75 trillion GDP, and they are expected to grow faster than in recent years, but still slower than the BRICs. However, with China's growth slowing from over 14 percent in 2007 to about seven percent in 2013, demand for imports such as iron ore and soybeans has slowed.
Migration. The OECD reported that 4.2 million permanent-type migrants moved into 23 member states in 2008, down from 4.5 million in 2007. The OECD includes temporary visitors with renewable work and resident permits, including some types of guest workers and intra-company transfers, but not international students, even if they stay in the host country several years.
According to the OECD, the US had an inflow of 1.1 million permanent-type migrants in 2008, about a quarter of the total, Italy and Spain each had an inflow of about 400,000 migrants, the UK had 350,000, and Canada, Germany, Australia and Korea each 200,000 to 250,000. In the US, about two-thirds of permanent-type migrants joined settled family members; the family unification share of total settlement migration was about half in France and Sweden. In Australia, Canada, and New Zealand, over half of permanent-type migrants, with accompanying family members, were admitted for employment.