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Migration Dialogue provides timely, factual and nonpartisan information and analysis of international migration issues through five major activities: the newsletters Migration News and Rural Migration News, Changing Face and other Research & Seminars, and the Sloan West Coast Program on Science and Engineering Workers.
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France. Socialist President François Hollande is trying to make France's economy, the world's fifth largest, more competitive by reducing the role of the state. Government spending is over 55 percent of GDP, the highest among Euro-zone countries, and over 80 percent of new jobs in 2012 involved temporary contracts, meaning that the workers hired can be laid off when the contracts end.
Some analysts say that the large number of firms with fewer than 10 workers is an effort by employers to avoid labor market regulations that apply when there are 10 or more employees.
Europe generally and France in particular have too many auto plants. However, it is much more expensive to close auto factories in Europe than in the US. US auto makers closed 24 factories during the 2008-09 recession at a cost of less than $250 million each, while closing an auto factory in Europe can cost $1 billion or more, as many governments pressure auto makers to help laid off workers to find other jobs.