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January 2006, Volume 13, Number 1

THE AMERICAS

ICE: Worksite Enforcement
Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff in December 2005 announced that the Internet-based Basic Pilot employment verification program

Bush and Congress: Action?
President Bush, in signing the $32 billion DHS's FY06 appropriation, said that unauthorized foreigners in the US must be caught and removed, but also

Mexican Workers, H-1B, Wal-Mart
US employment rose by two million in 2005 to 143 million, making job growth in 2005 about the same as 2004. The unemployment rate averaged 5.1

California, Students
The Center for the Continuing Study of the California Economy released a report in December 2005 that concluded immigration imposes net fiscal costs

Mexico: Migrants, HTAs, Politics
President Vincente Fox toured the Mexico-US border in December 2005 to welcome home returning Mexicans; an estimated 10 percent of the 11 million

Latin America: Migrants, Trade, Retirees
Remittances to Latin America topped $52 billion in 2005, up from $45 billion in 2004. 25 million persons from Latin America and the Caribbean are

ASIA

China: Migrants, Students, Taiwan
Rural-Urban Migrants. China plans to abolish legal distinctions between urban and rural residents in 11 of its 23 provinces, thus allowing peasants

Japan, Korea
Japan had slightly more deaths than births in 2005, about 1.1 million each, giving the country 128 million residents. If current trends of low

Southeast Asia
Thailand. Thais continue to emigrate, especially farmers from the northeast who harvest their crops in the spring. In the first six months of 2005,

India: Migrants, Internal
India is experiencing a reverse brain drain, as some of the Indians abroad return. The trade group Nasscom estimated that 30,000 technology

 
EUROPE

EU: Migrants, Immigration
When the 10 mostly Eastern European countries joined the EU on May 1, 2004, the existing EU-15 countries were allowed to prevent EU-10 nationals from

France: Riots, Benelux
Two teens of North African origin died in October 2005 in a Paris suburb while trying to evade a police checkpoint, setting off three weeks of

Germany: Coalition, Labor
Angela Merkel became Germany's first female and first East German chancellor in November 2005, but the Grand Coalition of the two largest political

UK, Ireland
The British government welcomed the continued influx of Poles and other EU-10 migrants, pointing to an unemployment rate of 4.7 percent and what it

Russia, Slovakia
Russia in November 2005 announced a legalization program that could allow up to 15 million persons from non-Russian ex-USSR countries to legalize

Southern Europe
Spain has two enclaves on the Moroccan coast, Ceuta (since 1580) and Melilla (since 1497), that are attracting both Moroccan and sub-Saharan migrants

OTHER

Australia, New Zealand: Riots, Migrants, Students
Australia experienced several nights of rioting after December 10, 2005 in the Sydney beachside suburb of Cronulla when several thousand drunken

Africa: Development, Migrants
Some 700,000 Sudanese refugees living in northwestern Kenya began to return in December 2005, joining the 250,000 who have returned since a January

Middle East: Saudi Arabia, Egypt, UAE
Saudi Arabia. The seven million foreigners in Saudi Arabia are 30 percent of the 23 million Saudi Arabian residents, but foreigners are 70 percent of

UN: December 18, Refugees
On December 18, 1990 the UN General Assembly approved the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members

GEP 2006: Migrants Reduce Poverty
The World Bank's Global Economic Prospects 2006 report, released in November 2005, highlights the potential benefits of migration for migrants and

World Bank: Brain Drain, Migrants
Brain Drain. Small to medium-size developing countries have the highest percentage of their college-educated citizens abroad, often a third or more.