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April 2006, Volume 13, Number 2

THE AMERICAS

Senate: No Agreement, Polls
The Senate debated immigration reform in March-April 2006, but had not approved a bill when the sessions recessed on April 7. There appeared to be

12 Million Unauthorized, Jobs
The Pew Hispanic Center released a report in March 2006 estimating the number of unauthorized foreigners at 11.1 million in 2005, and 11.5 and 12

USCIS, ICE, CBP
In his January 31, 2006 State of the Union speech, President Bush said: "Keeping America competitive requires an immigration system that upholds our

Population, Students
The US population, 298 million in January 2006, is expected to reach 300 million in October 2006. At current rates of growth, the US population will

H-1B, Day Labor, Wal-Mart
Some 65,000 H-1B visas a year are available to foreigners with at least a BA coming to the US to fill a job that requires at least a BA, and an

Mexico: Fence, Politics, Economics
"El muro," the proposal to build an additional 700 miles of fencing on the Mexico-US border, was a major subject of talk among Latin American

Canada: Unauthorized, Asylum
Immigration Minister Monte Solberg in March 2006 said that Canada does not plan to give the 200,000 unauthorized foreigners, including up to 15,000

Latin America
Most Latin American countries had import substitution policies during the 1960s that brought respectable growth, but this economic model failed in

ASIA

China: Rural Improvements
The Chinese government, faced with rising inequality and unrest in the countryside, announced that $5 billion more would be spent on health,

Japan, Korea
Japan had 117,000 foreign students in 2004. The Japanese government in 1983 aimed to increase the number of foreign students to 100,000, and has now

Southeast Asia
Thailand. Thailand has been grappling with an influx of migrants since its economy began to boom in the early 1990s, and today has an estimated two

India: IT Outsourcing
President Bush visited India in March 2006, prompting many articles about the Indian IT industry and its links to the US. Indians who went abroad

 
EUROPE

EU: EU 10 Migrants, Services, Data
The European Commission in February 2006 released a report on EU-10 migrants in the EU-15 states, pronouncing their impacts beneficial and urging the

France, Germany
France. The French government unveiled a bill in April 2006 that would require newly arrived immigrants to sign "reception and integration contracts"

UK, Ireland
UK. The House of Commons in February 2006 approved on a 310-279 vote a plan to introduce mandatory national identification cards; Britons would get

Demark: Cartoons
The Jyllands-Posten, Denmark's largest newspaper, published 12 cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad in September 2005, including one in which he is shown

Southern Europe
Italy. The Italian government every year allows a certain number of unauthorized foreigners to become legal workers by having their employers confirm

Russia, Eastern Europe
Russia's Federal Migration Service (FMS) issued 650,000 work permits to foreigners in 2005 and estimated there may be 14 million illegal foreign

OTHER

Australia: Immigrants, Migrants
The Australian government is advertising for skilled immigrants, returning to past policies of seeking newcomers to settle the country. The

South Africa, Refugees, Chad
South Africa. Teba, the labor-procurement, financial and social-services provider to the mining industry, estimated that a third of South African

Israel, Egypt
Some 21,100 people migrated to Israel in 2005, about the same number as arrived in 2004 and returning migration levels to those of the 1980s. Almost

UN, Migration, Aid
The UN reported that there were 191 million migrants in 2005, with 55 percent in 10 countries: the United States (38 million), Russia (12 million),

Managing 21st Century Migration
The movement of people over national borders is often spotlighted by tragedies, as when a ship overloaded with migrants sinks. The number of