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October 2013, Volume 20, Number 4

THE AMERICAS

Immigration Reform: House
The Senate approved the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013 (S 744) on a 68-32 vote in June 2013. The

DHS: USCIS, E-Verify
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) had a $60 billion budget in FY13, including $50 billion in appropriated funds and $10 billion in fees

Labor, Wages, H-1B
The US added 169,000 jobs in August 2013, fewer than anticipated, including half in the low-wage restaurant, temporary help and retail sectors. Many

Foreign-born, Unauthorized
The US had 40 million foreign-born residents in 2010, making immigrants almost 13 percent of the 304 million US residents. Between 2000 and 2010,

Canada, Mexico
Over half of Canada's almost 276,000 immigrants in 2012 were from Asian countries. Canada altered its point system in 2013 in response to many

ASIA

China: Migrants, Hukou
China's population is projected to peak at 1.4 billion in 2020. The labor force has already begun to decline from 940 million in 2011, and the

Japan, Korea
Japan's economy appears to be recovering after two lost decades, with exports and public spending stimulating demand. However, Japan's public debt,

Southeast Asia: ASEAN 2015
ASEAN. The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) plans steps toward full economic integration among its 10-member countries with 600 million residents and

South Asia
Bangladesh. Bangladesh's two major exports are workers and garments. Both are problematic. The number of workers going abroad has been falling as

Middle East
In the late 1970s, two-thirds of the foreign workers in the six-member Gulf Cooperation Countries were Arabs and less than 20 percent were Asians.

 
EUROPE

EU: Migrants
The EU is based on four freedoms; moving goods, capital, services and workers freely among member states. Freedom-of-movement of workers is the

UK: Migrants, Unauthorized
The Conservative-Liberal coalition government that replaced the Labor government in 2010 promised to reduce net immigration to less than 100,000 by

France, Germany, Benelux
France. Socialist President François Hollande is trying to make France's economy, the world's fifth largest, more competitive by reducing the role of

Southern Europe
Greece. About 10 percent of the 4.4 million workers in Greece are foreigners, and half of Greece's foreign workers are from Albania. Greece is seen

Russia: Moscow and Migrants
Moscow had its first mayoral elections since 2003 on September 8, 2013, electing Sergey Sobyanin, who during the campaign said that most of the

OTHER

Australia: Pacific Solution
Australian politicians in summer 2013 grappled with foreigners who fly to Indonesia and pay smugglers to take them by boat to Australia's Christmas

Africa: FTAs and Migration
The 54 African states have created several free-trade agreements (FTAs), including the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the East

UN: HLD, ILO, IOM
The UN held its second High-Level Dialogue (HLD) on migration and development October 3-4, 2013.

OECD: Migrants, Jobs
Global economic growth is slowing, especially in the so-called BRIC countries of Brazil, Russia, India and China. The 30 rich countries account for

McKinsey: Jobs 2030
A McKinsey review of employment patterns between 1980 and 2010 highlighted the addition of 1.1 billion nonfarm jobs over the past three decades,