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July 1996, Volume 2, Number 3

RURAL AMERICA

Latinos Surge in Midwest
Many observers predict that the sharpest US debates over immigration and integration will shift in the 1990s from Western states such as California

Immigration and Poultry Processing
Poultry processing plants are another high-turnover industry that wants to participate in the INS program that permits employers to verify the

Texas: Drought and Poultry Workers
With Texas suffering from its worst drought in decades, migrant workers are struggling to earn a living. Thousands of migrant workers have lost

California: Watsonville Struggles; Immigration is debated
Watsonville, once proclaimed the "Frozen Food Capital of the World," is losing jobs to Mexico and facing social pressures from continuing

Hispanic Employment
Historically, the African-American unemployment rate has been about twice the white rate, and the Hispanic unemployment rate has been closer to the

Labor Management in Ag: Cultivating Personnel Productivity. Berkeley US APMP Publication.
This book reviews cost-efficient ways of managing agricultural labor, covering employee selection, wage structures, incentive pay, discipline and

FARM WORKERS

UFW Settles Lettuce Case, Organizes Strawberry Workers
On May 29, 1996, the United Farm Workers of America and Bruce Church Inc announced that they had ended one of the longest labor disputes in

Florida Farm Workers
Some 15,000 to 25,000 Mexicans and Central Americans work in agriculture in southern Florida, usually for piecerate wages that generate hourly

Colorado Mushroom Pickers Put off Strike
The Rakhra Mushroom Farm employs 235 Guatemalan and Mexican workers to produce about 20,000 pounds of mushrooms each week, for sales of $10 million

Farm Worker and Labor Contractor definitions.
US courts and the NLRB are deciding that more and more of the persons employed on US farms are nonfarm workers, and thus covered by nonfarm labor

Agricultural Guest Workers
Advocates on both sides of the farm worker debate embraced guest workers for agriculture, even as Congress rejected the idea. Senator John Kyl

Regulating the Farm Labor Market
The Chicago-based National Farm Worker Ministry says that farm work is the most hazardous occupation in the US, with 49 deaths per 100,000

 
IMMIGRATION

Congress Works to Revise Immigration Law
As Congress struggled to reconcile the immigration bills approved by the US House of Representatives in March, 1996, and by the Senate in May 1996,

Congress Works to Revise Immigration Law
As Congress struggled to reconcile the immigration bills approved by the US House of Representatives in March, 1996, and by the Senate in May 1996,

INS: Legal Immigration, Enforcement, and Asylum
The INS was criticized by Congressional leaders of immigration subcommittees in May 1996 for "misleading" the public about future immigration

OTHER

Mexican Agriculture and Trade Issues
Mexico may have to import a record 11 to 12 million tons of basic grains in 1996 because of a drought and low yields due to fertilizer shortages.

Caribbean/Central American Migration and Agriculture
There are an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 Haitians in the Dominican Republic at any one time, working mainly on sugar and rice plantations. On

Marketing Orders and Subsidies
On June 4, 1996, the US Supreme Court agreed to decide whether marketing orders that require growers of peaches, plums, and other fruits and

RESOURCES