Skip to navigation

Skip to main content


contact us

About Migration Dialogue

Migration Dialogue provides timely, factual and nonpartisan information and analysis of international migration issues through five major activities: the newsletters Migration News and Rural Migration News, Changing Face and other Research & Seminars, and the Sloan West Coast Program on Science and Engineering Workers.

Contact us at

Rural Migration Blog: US: 45 million Foreign-born Residents in 2021

The US had 45 million foreign-born residents in 2021, including a quarter who were born in Mexico and a quarter who were unauthorized; half of the unauthorized were born in Mexico. A third of foreign-born US residents are from Mexico and Central America, and almost a third are from Asia.

⅓ of US foreign-born residents are from Mexico and Central America

The US has a sixth of the 280 million international migrants, defined by the UN as persons outside their country of birth for a year or more regardless of the reason for being in another country or legal status. Legal immigration, unauthorized migration, and foreigners seeking asylum are increasing the number of foreign-born US residents.

Unauthorized. The 11 million unauthorized foreigners are concentrated in several ways. About half are from Mexico and a quarter are in California. Some of the unauthorized have a temporary legal status, such as DACA recipients who arrived in the US before the age of 16 and graduated from US high schools.

Citenzship and Legal Status of the U.S. Foreign-Born Population, 2019
Naturalized Citezens 45%
Lawful Permanent Residents 28%
TPS 1%
Asylum Seekers 2%
No Lawful Status 19%
Nonimmigrants 5%

Continue reading...

  • Rural Migration News

    Rural Migration News summarizes the most important migration-related issues affecting agricultural and rural America, and is produced with the support of the Colcom, Giannini, and Walmart foundations.

  • Rural Migration News Blogs

    Rural Migration News blogs examine a particular farm labor, migration, or trade issue, and are produced with the support of the Colcom, Giannini, and Walmart foundations.

  • Farm Labor and Mexican Produce Exports

    The US imports over half of its fresh fruit and a third of its fresh vegetables, mostly from Mexico. This project, led by the Wilson Center's Mexico Institute and supported by the Walmart foundations, strengthens protections for Mexican workers employed throughout North America agriculture and works with stakeholders to implement evidence-based policies that improve worker protections.

  • Migration News

    Migration News was a monthly and later quarterly summary of the most important migration issues in the US, Europe, and Asia that was produced between 1994 and 2014 with the support of the German Marshall Fund of the United States and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

  • Sloan West Coast Program On S&E Workers

    The Sloan Program on Science and Engineering Workers supported researchers interested in how affected US workers employed in IT-related occupations between 2007 and 2014 with the support of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

  • Changing Face & UFW Contracts

    The Changing Face project assessed the effects of immigrant farm workers on agriculture and agricultural communities in California and other states between 1994 and 2016 with the support of the Farm and Rosenberg Foundations.

  • Research & Seminars

    Migration Dialogue organized seminars for opinion leaders to discuss comparative migration issues between 1993 and 2004 with the support of the German Marshall Fund of the United States.