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Migration Dialogue provides timely, factual and nonpartisan information and analysis of international migration issues through five major activities: the newsletters Migration News and Rural Migration News, Changing Face and other Research & Seminars, and the Sloan West Coast Program on Science and Engineering Workers.
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EU member states received 600,000 asylum applications in 2018. At the height of the migrant rush to Europe in 2015, when 1.3 million foreigners applied for asylum in EU member states, there were 16 rescue boats operated by NGOs to save migrants who left Libya in rubber dinghies for Italy. Smugglers told migrants they only had to get beyond Libyan coastal waters to be rescued, persuading many to board overloaded dinghies.
The EU and Italy supported the re-creation of the Libyan Coast Guard to intercept and return migrant dinghies to Libya. Fewer migrants are attempting to leave Libya in 2019 for Italy, fewer than 400 in the first three months of 2019. Most migrants leaving Libya are believed to be intercepted and returned.