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About Migration Dialogue

Migration Dialogue provides timely, factual and nonpartisan information and analysis of international migration issues through five major activities: the newsletters Migration News and Rural Migration News, Changing Face and other Research & Seminars, and the Sloan West Coast Program on Science and Engineering Workers.

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Rural Migration Blog: Global Floriculture

Flowers and indoor potted plants are grown locally or imported from other countries. Most cut flowers and indoor potted plants are sold in North America and Western Europe, and many are imported. The major sources of flowers that cross national borders include Colombia and Ecuador for North America and Kenya and Ethiopia for Western Europe. The Netherlands is the global hub for trade in flowers and ornamental plants.

Roses are the most valuable cut flower that is traded, accounting for a third of all cut flower exports in 2020. The Netherlands looms large in flower data because the country is a major producer of flowers and many flowers produced elsewhere are sold at the Royal FloraHolland near Aalsmeer.

The Netherlands is a global hub for the production and sale of flowers

The three major cut flowers are roses, chrysanthemums, and carnations

Colombia is the major source of cut flowers for the US, exporting flowers worth $1 billion a year by ship from both Atlantic and Pacific Ocean ports and flying flowers from Bogota to Miami. Colombia is the source of 60 percent of US cut flower imports.

Colombia supplies 60% of US cut flower imports, and Kenya 40% of Europe cut flower imports

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  • Rural Migration News

    Rural Migration News summarizes the most important migration-related issues affecting agricultural and rural America, and is produced with the support of the Colcom, Giannini, and Walmart foundations.

  • Rural Migration News Blogs

    Rural Migration News blogs examine a particular farm labor, migration, or trade issue, and are produced with the support of the Colcom, Giannini, and Walmart foundations.

  • Farm Labor and Mexican Produce Exports

    The US imports over half of its fresh fruit and a third of its fresh vegetables, mostly from Mexico. This project, led by the Wilson Center's Mexico Institute and supported by the Walmart foundations, strengthens protections for Mexican workers employed throughout North America agriculture and works with stakeholders to implement evidence-based policies that improve worker protections.

  • Migration News

    Migration News was a monthly and later quarterly summary of the most important migration issues in the US, Europe, and Asia that was produced between 1994 and 2014 with the support of the German Marshall Fund of the United States and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

  • Sloan West Coast Program On S&E Workers

    The Sloan Program on Science and Engineering Workers supported researchers interested in how affected US workers employed in IT-related occupations between 2007 and 2014 with the support of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

  • Changing Face & UFW Contracts

    The Changing Face project assessed the effects of immigrant farm workers on agriculture and agricultural communities in California and other states between 1994 and 2016 with the support of the Farm and Rosenberg Foundations.

  • Research & Seminars

    Migration Dialogue organized seminars for opinion leaders to discuss comparative migration issues between 1993 and 2004 with the support of the German Marshall Fund of the United States.