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Immigration Reform: Implications for Farmers, Farm Workers, and Communities - May 2009

Report of May 21-22, 2009 seminar

Immigration Reform:
Implications for Farmers, Farm Workers, and Communities

Meeting and Lodging: UC-DC
1608 Rhode Island Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20036
Tel 202-974-6200 Fax: 202-974-6250
Thursday-Friday May 21-22, 2009

At least 50 percent of US farm workers are unauthorized. Immigration reform may provide a path to legal status for some currently unauthorized farm workers and make it easier for farm employers to employ legal guest workers under a revised H-2A temporary worker program.

The purpose of the meeting is to learn about how the recession is affecting migration patterns, assess the immigration reforms being considered, hear from employer and worker advocates about the impacts of immigrants on agriculture and communities, and discuss ongoing research on these issues. Presentations are posted at: (//

The conference is organized with the support of the Farm, Giannini, and Northwest Area Foundations, the North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, the Southern Rural Development Center, the Julian Samora Research Institute, and the UC EU Center of Excellence and the Gifford Center for Population Studies.

For further information contact Philip Martin

Thursday, May 21, 2009

7:45am Breakfast available in conference room on the ground floor

8:30am A Plan for Comprehensive Immigration Reform, Ray Marshall, Uni-Texas

9am Immigration Patterns and Rural America, Chair, Philip Martin, UCD
Immigration Patterns, 1986-2008,  Jeff Passel, Pew Hispanic Center
Recession, Stimulus, and Hispanic Workers,  Rakesh Kochhar, Pew Hispanic Center
Meatpacking and Migration in Rural America,  William Kandel, USDA

10:30 Break

10:45 The Outlook for Immigration Reform, Chair, Susan Martin, ISIM
Mark Krikorian, Center for Immigration Studies
Frank Sharry, America's Voice

12 Lunch

1:00 Industry and Worker Perspectives on Immigration Reform
Patrick O'Brien, American Farm Bureau Federation
 Craig Regelbrugge, American Nursery & Landscape Association
Bruce Goldstein, Farmworker Justice Fund
Arturo Rodriguez, UFW

2:30 Break

3:00 Research Perspectives on Immigration, Agriculture, and Communities, Chair, Neil Conklin, Farm Foundation
The Changing Farm Work Force?  Daniel Carroll, DOL and Susan Gabbard, JBS International (Aguirre)
How do Labor Market Adjustments occur in Agriculture?  Wallace Huffman, Iowa State University
How is Immigration Changing Rural Communities?  Cornelia Flora, Iowa State University

4:30 Seasonal Farm Worker Programs in Other Countries
France,  Mark Miller, University of Delaware
Germany, Christiane Kuptsch, ILO
Spain,  Piotr Plewa, University of Delaware
Christian Ligeard, French Embassy
Daniel Naujoks

5:45 Adjourn

7:15 Dinner, Logan Tavern, 1423 P St. NW

Friday, May 22, 2009

7:30am Breakfast available in conference room on the ground floor

8:30 Farm Labor: Commodities and Areas, Chair, Philip Martin, UCD
California and Raisins, Philip Martin, UCD:  paper,  presentation, and Bert Mason, CSUF
Florida and Citrus/Tomatoes,  Fritz Roka, U-Florida
Washington Tree Fruits,  Ernst Stromsdorfer and John Wines, Washington ESD
Colorado,  Dawn Thilmany, Colorado State
New York and Dairy,  Tom Maloney, Cornell
Michigan, Vera Bitsch, Michigan State University:  paper,  presentation

10:45 Break

11 Farm Labor: Commodities and Areas II

11:30 Lunch

12:15 Immigrants and Communities, Chair, Cornelia Flora, Iowa State University
Nebraska and the Midwest, Lourdes Gouveia, Uni of Nebraska-Omaha
Carolinas,  David Griffith, E Carolina University
Texas,  Rogelio Saenz, Texas A&M University
New York, Mary Jo Dudley, Cornell University:  research brief 1,  research brief 2, presentation
Ohio,  Linda and Theo Majka, University of Dayton

2pm Break

2:15 Mexico-US Developments, Chair, Rubén Martinez, Michigan State
Recent Economic Developments in Mexico, Antonio Ortiz-Mena, Mexican Embassy:  1,  2,  3,  4,  5
Mexico-US Fruit and Vegetable Trade,  Linda Calvin, USDA
Modeling Mexico-US Labor Adjustments under NAFTA,  Steve Zahniser and William Kandel USDA

3pm Adjourn