Skip to navigation

Skip to main content

 

Farm Labor & Rural Migration News Blogs

California’s Hired Farm Workers in 1965

August 27, 2020

The year 1965 was a “time of transition” in farm labor as farmers who had relied on Mexican Braceros hired more US workers. The US admitted 4.5 million Braceros between 1942 and 1964. Since many returned year-after year, perhaps two million Mexicans were employed on US farms over 22 years. Bracero admissions were less than half of their peak 1956 levels in 1964.

Continue reading "California’s Hired Farm Workers in 1965"...

1965: A Year of Transition away from Braceros

August 27, 2020

PL 78, the 1951 law that allowed Mexican Braceros to be employed in seasonal US farm jobs, expired in 1964, ushering in a year of transition in 1965 as US farmers hired US workers to replace Braceros. DOL prepared a report on farm labor that emphasized 1965 was a first step on a long road to encourage farm employers to improve wages and working conditions in order to attract and retain US farm workers.

Continue reading "1965: A Year of Transition away from Braceros"...

Mexico’s economy shrank during Covid-19 pandemic

August 27, 2020

Mexico’s economy is expected to shrink by 10 percent in 2020. The government has resisted pleas to make large low-cost loans to businesses or payments to families because President Andrés Manuel López Obrador does not want to increase the public debt, which is approaching 60 percent of GDP.

Continue reading "Mexico’s economy shrank during Covid-19 pandemic"...

Farm and Nonfarm Labor Markets in the 21st Century

August 27, 2020

For most of the 20th century, farm labor reformers such as Varden Fuller and Carey McWilliams wanted farm labor markets to be more like nonfarm labor markets. Reformers criticized three features of many farm labor markets: limited coverage of farm workers under labor laws, intermediaries such as labor contractors who were often in a weak bargaining position relative to the farmers for whom they provided workers, and piece-rate wage systems that made costs predictable for farmers but earnings uncertain for workers.

Continue reading "Farm and Nonfarm Labor Markets in the 21st Century"...

California Agricultural Employment in 2020

August 27, 2020

California’s Employment Development Department reported that agricultural employment in 2020 was 20 to 30 percent lower than in 2019, with the largest drop in June 2020. All farm employers with 250 or more workers are asked to report their employment for the payroll period that includes the 12th of the month; a sample of smaller employers provide employment data.

Continue reading "California Agricultural Employment in 2020"...

Hired Farm Work Force Reports, 1945-87

July 10, 2020

Average employment in US agriculture declined by 75 percent between 1945 and 2020, from almost 10 million to less than 2.5 million. The hired worker share of average employment in US agriculture doubled from a third to two-thirds over this 75-year period.

Continue reading "Hired Farm Work Force Reports, 1945-87"...

California Agricultural Employment in 2020

July 10, 2020

Employment in California fell in spring 2020 compared with spring 2019. Employment in May 2020 was 15.5 million, down 16 percent from 18.5 million in May 2019. After beginning the year higher than in 2019, California’s agricultural employment fell 20 percent in April-May 2020 compared to year-earlier levels.

Continue reading "California Agricultural Employment in 2020"...

Social and Labor Audits

July 10, 2020

The social and labor audit business is expanding rapidly as buyers or brands require their suppliers to pass audits that check on supplier compliance with labor and environmental laws. Some buyers require their suppliers to comply with more than minimum labor or environmental standards.

Continue reading "Social and Labor Audits"...

Mexican Braceros and US Farm Workers

July 10, 2020

The Bracero program refers to agreements between the US and Mexican governments that allowed Mexican workers to fill seasonal jobs on US farms. Both the 1917-21 and the 1942-64 Bracero programs that were begun in wartime and continued after WWI and WWII ended. Second, there were gaps between program regulations and workplace realities that became apparent over time and contributed to US decisions to end both programs.

Continue reading "Mexican Braceros and US Farm Workers"...

Covid-19 and Agriculture: Efficiency versus Resilience

July 10, 2020

The Covid-19 pandemic disrupted national and global economies and food systems, prompting a discussion of efficiency versus resilience in supply chains, including the food supply chain. In the US, the food supply system experienced a demand shock as consumers stocked up on food and staples in March 2020 and a supply shock when meatpacking plants closed in April and May 2020 as workers contracted the virus.

Continue reading "Covid-19 and Agriculture: Efficiency versus Resilience"...

« Older Posts

Subscribe via Email

Click here to subscribe to RMN blogs via email.