About Migration Dialogue
Migration Dialogue provides timely, factual and nonpartisan information and analysis of international migration issues through five major activities: the newsletters Migration News and Rural Migration News, Changing Face and other Research & Seminars, and the Sloan West Coast Program on Science and Engineering Workers.
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A record 2.2 million unauthorized foreigners were encountered by Border Patrol agents just inside the US border with Mexico in FY22, and another 172,500 were detected at ports of entry, bringing total encounters to 2.4 million, up 37 percent from 1.7 million encounters in FY21. Mexicans and Central Americans were 57 percent of those encountered, and the number of Venezuelans, Cubans and Nicaraguans, over 571,000, exceeded the number from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras.
Some 2.5 million foreigners encountered since March 2020 were returned to Mexico under Title 42, a public health measure invoked to prevent the spread of covid. Many of the other foreigners encountered, over 15,000 a month, were allowed into the US to pursue asylum claims that can last several years because of the backlog of 750,000 asylum cases in immigration courts. Asylum seekers can work after 150 days in the US and their children can attend K-12 schools.