South Africa. South African police in September 1999 were accused of beating Mozambicans being deported and taking their money; some were allegedly pushed off moving trains. South Africa spent $32 million deporting 181,000 foreigners in 1998; most are returned to their countries of origin by train, accompanied by police. Some foreigners reportedly try to escape by jumping off the train when it slows to climb mountains.
Over 1,000 Kenyan security personnel carried out a house-to-house search on September 3. Kenyan security forces detained 600 illegal aliens living in eastern Nairobi suburbs and other slum areas. The Kenyan government blames them for the growth in crime. Many of those arrested were from Somalia and Ethiopia who were escaping conflict.
The crackdown followed a decision by Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi on August 22 to close the border between Kenya and Somalia to prevent smuggling and to check criminal activities and the proliferation of illegal firearms from Somalia to Kenya.
"More than 600 illegal immigrants arrested in Kenya," Agence France Presse, September 3, 1999.