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October 2002, Volume 9, Number 10

Africa

The United Nations in September 2002 said that 14 million people face starvation in southern Africa, where drought, HIV-AIDS and politics are blamed for the region's worst food crisis in a decade. The six hardest-hit countries included Zimbabwe, where President Robert Mugabe ordered white farmers not to farm so that land can be redistributed to Blacks.

The South African government has granted refugee status to five of 132 Zimbabwean applicants since April 2000.

Zimbabwe. Many white farmers have been forced off their farms in a controversial land reform program. Zimbabwe also enacted a Citizenship Act in 2001 which caused persons who were dual nationals in Zimbabwe to lose their Zimbabwe citizenship. The law seems to have been aimed at whites, but it is affecting two to three million Malawians, many of whom were employed on white-owned farms. Malawi also aims to prevent dual citizenship, and some Malawains may wind up stateless, as they lost their Malawi citizenship.

"Immigrants with no place to call their own," The Mail and Guardian, September 20, 2002. "South Africa grants asylum to five Zimbabweans," Agence France Presse, September 11, 2002.