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June 1994, Volume 1, Number 5

The Americas

Clinton Changes US Policy on Haitian Refugees
On May 9, President Bill Clinton announced major changes in US policy toward Haiti, reflecting increasing impatience with the failure of Haiti's

Immigration and Campaign 94 in California
Immigration continues to be a headline issue in California. Governor Pete Wilson, running for re-election, unveiled a television ad that shows

Incomplete Amnesty
The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 included two distinct legalization programs: one based on residence in the US before January 1, 1982

Asian Immigrant Poverty
More than 30 percent of the Southeast Asians in the US--versus eight percent of all American residents-- are on welfare, the highest rate of welfare

Texas, Arizona Sue Federal Government
Texas announced on May 26 that it plans to sue the federal government for the costs it incurs to provide services to the estimated 550,000 illegal

Canadian Immigration Targets for 1994
Despite a 1993 poll that found that 47 percent of Canadians believe that the country is accepting too many immigrants, and pressure from the Reform

US Revises Asylum Policies
On March 29, 1994, Immigration and Naturalization Service Commissioner Doris Meissner announced a grant-refer system to more quickly grant asylum

International Population Conference to Discuss Migration
The Fifth International Conference on Population and Development will convene in Cairo in September. Held every decade under the auspices of the

US Public is Anti-Immigrant
A poll by CBS television found that one in five Americans want to send home immigrants-- 53 percent of those surveyed agreed that immigrants cause

Federal Appeal for Chinese Immigrants Denied
A federal appeals court ruled on May 5 that 300 Chinese who ran aground in New York last summer on the Golden Venture could not appeal for asylum as


South Korean Guestworkers
South Korea has experienced one of the world's fastest migration transitions: in 1982, over 200,000 Korean workers emigrated, and in 1994, the South

China Loosens Internal Migration Controls
China is planning to change its decades-old rules that restrict internal migration. The government will, as soon as June 1, 1994, relax rules which

Effects of 1997 Vary
With China preparing for its takeover of Hong Kong in 1997, there is a debate about whether the increased availability of low-wage mainlanders will

Taiwan Changes its Foreign Worker Program--Again
The Taiwan Council of Labor Affairs announced that foreign workers should have the same benefits as native staff in businesses with more than 50

Malaysia: Mixed Signals on Immigration
Malaysia stopped the recruitment of unskilled and semi-skilled foreign workers on January 7, 1994 in order to give the government time to reassert

Illegal Immigration Arrests Up in Japan
The Japanese Justice Ministry reported that the number of foreigners deported for violating Japanese immigration laws increased 3.8 percent in 1993


European-American Immigration Convergence?
Will similarities in the nature of the twin problems of controlling unwanted immigration and absorbing newcomers lead to a convergence of European

Increased Anti-Immigrant Rhetoric in the Netherlands
The recession, immigration and unemployment have begun to erode the Netherlands tolerance for immigrants. In March 1994 elections, the extreme right

British Immigration: Rules Changed, Numbers Up
The British Home Office presented to the Parliament new immigration rules which will go into effect October 1, 1994. The new rules eliminate

Asylum in Europe
From Sweden to Spain, European governments fearing that a wave of asylum seekers threatens prosperity and social cohesion have tightened access to

Asylum Seekers and Illegal Immigration
In April, a total of 12,164 people applied for asylum in Germany, bringing the total to 47,986 for the first four months of 1994. Over 14,000 were

UN Reports on Transit Migrants
The United Nations International Organization for Migration released a report on May 17 indicating that thousands of people from Africa, the Middle

Hungary Changes Immigration Rules
Hungary amended its immigration rules in May 1994 to require, inter alia, that visitors from neighboring countries must have at least US$10 to enter

Illegal Immigrants Brought to Russia by Criminals
A report by Aleksandr Mukomolov entitled, "You Won't Fool Around Under the Interpol Cap," estimates that in 1992 there were 40,000 Chinese living in

Permits and Temporary Stays Restricted in Former USSR State
New restrictions on permanent residence permits and temporary stays have been imposed on foreigners in Krasnodar Kray in the former USSR. The


Immigration Quota Increased in Australia
Australia will be increasing its number of immigrants in 1994-95 by 10,000 to 86,000, including 13,000 refugees. Most of the additional immigration

Fiji Wants Professionals to Return
Over 30,000 Fijian Indians have left the country after the 1986 coup, which has seriously drained the islands of professionals. During the coup,

India Wants Illegal Immigration from Bangladesh Halted
India's home minister has proposed holding a meeting of the chief ministers in the northeastern states to discuss illegal immigration. Home Minister

Africa: Laden with Refugees and Displaced Persons
Africa has 600 million people--about 12 percent of the world's population--but one third of the world's 18 million refugees and 60 percent of the

Immigration and Immigrants: Setting the record Straight
Fix, Michael and Jeffrey Passel. 1994. Immigration and Immigrants: Setting the record Straight. Available for $10 from the Urban Institute,