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January 1998, Volume 5, Number 1

The Americas

INS: Naturalization, Sponsorship, Welfare
The INS received 1.6 million naturalization applications in fiscal year 1997, which ended September 30, 1997. This was up from 1.3 million in FY96, 1

INS: Enforcement
Border Enforcement. The GAO issued a 101-page report in December that concluded the INS has no effective means of determining whether border

Haitians, Asylum
Haitians. On December 23, 1997, President Clinton signed an order suspending for one year the deportation of up to 40,000 Haitians who applied

California: Integration, Schools, Economy
Integration. There is little disagreement that the best available predictor of a person's earnings are his/her years of education, and the

Social Networks, Investors
The US unemployment rate fell to 4.6 percent in November 1997, as the labor force increased by 453,000. A record 67 percent of residents 16 and older

Canada: Immigration, Diversity Up
Canada plans to accept 200,000 to 225,000 immigrants in 1998, 5,000 more than in 1997. Two immigrants are admitted in the economic class for every

Immigration in New York, Florida
New York. A 1996 federal Census Bureau survey of 18,000 New York City households found that 56 percent of the 7.2 million New Yorkers are

Cuba/Caribbean: Immigration, Remittances
In 1994, the US agreed to accept 20,000 Cubans a year to bring an end to the migration of thousands of Cubans on rafts to Florida. In FY97, the US

Mexico: Dual Citizenship, Economy
Mexico's Congress in December 1997 approved legislation on a 427-0 vote that would make possible dual citizenship for all persons born in Mexico; the

US Population, Census
Population. The US population in 1998 is about 269 million, reflecting 3.9 million births in 1997, 2.3 million deaths, and net immigration of

Economy: NRC, OECD, Inequality
NRC. The NRC study, "The New Americans," continued to generate discussion in December. George Borjas and Richard Freeman, members of the group


Economic Crisis Affects Migration
Economic growth in Asia is expected to slow in 1998, falling, for example, in Malaysia from seven percent in 1997 to 3.5 percent in 1998, and in

Hong Kong: Children, Guestworkers
The Hong Kong immigration department has decided not to expel four mainland children who are seeking a judicial review of a court ruling ordering

Foreign Workers: China, Taiwan
China. China hopes to attract more skilled foreign workers by offering better working and living conditions and by protecting intellectual

Japan: War Orphans
The Osaka Regional Immigration Bureau announced in December that 1,000 Chinese may have illegally entered Japan since around 1995 by posing as

Singapore: Enforcement, Immigration
Enforcement. Beginning April 1, 1998, general contractors will be given a quota of foreign workers for each building project and they will be


EU Promotes Intra-EU Mobility
As part of its Citizens First campaign, the EU operates a Signpost Service that provides informal advice to EU nationals who have problems moving

Germany: Dual Citizenship, Asylum, Enforcement
Dual Citizenship. Germany in December debated whether dual citizenship would accelerate or slow the integration of settled foreigners and

France: Bill Approved; African Tour
After a ten-day debate, the French National Assembly on December 17, 1997 approved on a 276-254 vote a bill that would grant children born in France

UK: Anti-Smuggling
The UK announced the formation of a six-member police task force to combat alien smuggling; some 700 smuggling operations were detected in 1996.

Italy: Kurds, Smuggling
On December 27, 1997, the Italian coast guard brought ashore some 825 Kurds from Iraq and Turkey after their Turkish-registered ship grounded off

Estonia and Russia
When Estonia gained independence from Russia in 1991, it granted automatic citizenship only to those non-national residents who had lived there

Eastern Europe: Poland, Czech
Poland. Poland is emerging as a "second-best" destination for migrants unable to settle in western Europe. Since 1994, about 14,000 foreigners


Illegal Immigration in Australia
Australian Minister for Immigration Phillip Ruddock said in December that there were up to 40,000 illegal immigrants in the country at any one time,

Immigration in New Zealand
New Zealand announced that it would increase immigration in 1998 to 45,000; currently, about 35,000 immigrants a year are admitted. In 1996, New

South Africa Expels Mozambicans
In December, the South African government expelled about 25,000 Mozambicans who immigrated illegally into the country. Most of those returned were

Israel: Immigration Down
Israel received 66,000 immigrants in 1997, down eight percent from 1996. Since 1990, more than 800,000 immigrants from the former Soviet Union have

Ercomer, the European Research Center on Migration and Ethnic Relations directed by Malcolm Cross, in January 1998 changed the name of the journal