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August 1998, Volume 5, Number 8

The Americas

Congress: H-1Bs
House and Senate Republican leaders on July 24, 1998 reached a compromise to increase the annual ceiling on the number of professionals admitted to

Congress: Farm Workers
Farm Workers. On July 21, Senator Gordon Smith (R-OR) and eight other senators introduced a guest-worker bill, S2337, the Agricultural Job

INS: Enforcement, Naturalization
Under appropriations bills pending in Congress, the INS is expected to receive $4.2 billion in FY99, up from $3.8 billion in FY98 and $1.6 billion in

Canada: Border, Integration
Border. The Wall Street Journal ran several stories of Canadians who have been barred from the U.S. because of tighter controls mandated by

California: Demography, Proposition 227
Demography. About 25 percent of California's 33 million residents were born abroad. The impact of immigration is greater than that number

Mexico: NAFTA, Economy
NAFTA became effective January 1, 1994, but so far none of the border-area environmental projects that could improve life for the 10 million

Immigrant Integration
About 60 percent of the 26 million foreign-born U.S. residents live in seven metropolitan areas: New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Houston,


Thailand: Migrants Can Stay
Thailand's Labor Minister Trairong Suwankhiri met with business leaders July 15 to reconsider Thailand's policy of deporting illegal foreign workers.

Malaysia: Foreign Workers Stay
The Malaysian Special Cabinet Committee on Foreign Workers in mid-July agreed to permit 96,000 foreign workers "in jobs shunned by Malaysians" to

Japan: Illegal Migrants, Demography
Police and maritime authorities in six prefectures along the Sea of Japan held a meeting in Niigata on July 21, 1998 to discuss ways to prevent

Singapore: Foreigners, Illegals Up
The share of foreigners in Singapore's labor force doubled between 1992 and 1998, from 12 to 25 percent. The 450,000 foreign workers (including

Taiwan: Ceiling and Brokers
There are 251,000 foreigners employed in Taiwan. The government announced plans to cap the number at 300,000 to create jobs for 200,000 Taiwanese

Korea: Trainees, Dual Nationality
There were 98,000 legal and 136,000 illegal foreign workers in Korea in December 1997, according to the Hong Kong-based Asian Migrant Center.


EU: Demography, Mobility
Demography. The New York Times on July 10, reported that all European countries have fertility rates that are less than replacement levels,

Germany: CSU Takes Hard Line
Politics. The SPD announced that, if it won the election on September 27, 1998, it would quickly change Germany's foreigners law to provide

France: Expad Legalization?
France received 144,742 applications for legalization in the program implemented by the newly elected Socialist government in June 1997. About 66,500

UK: White Paper on Asylum
On July 27, 1998, the UK issued an Immigration and Asylum White Paper that would give asylum applicants only one appeal against a rejection of their

Italy: New Influx?
The Italian interior minister, Giorgio Napolitano, reported that 2,773 foreigners arrived in southern Italy by boat from Tunisia and Algeria during

Spain: Building Border Fence
Spain is expected to complete building a $35 million, 10-foot high fence around its North African enclave city, Melilla, by the end of 1998, and a


Australia, New Zealand
Pauline Hanson remained in the news in July. In a July 1, 1998 television interview, she predicted that, if current levels of immigration continued,

Migrants and Sex
Sweetman, Caroline. Ed. 1998. Gender and Migration. Oxford. Oxfam [url=][/url] also published as Vol 6, No 1 of Gender and Development,

Hoover on Immigration
Peter Duignan and Lewis Gann. Eds. 1998. The Debate in the United States over Immigration. Stanford. Hoover Institution.

Integration, Refugees
Bauboeck, Rainer, Agnes Heller, and Aristide Zolberg. Eds. 1997. The Challenge of Diversity Integration and Pluralism in Societies of Immigration.