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October 1998, Volume 5, Number 10

The Americas

INS: Enforcement, Naturalization
Sanctions. The Immigration and Naturalization Service has 300 agents across the US assigned to enforce employer sanctions laws. However, in

Congress: H-1Bs Up, Farm Workers
H-1Bs. The US House of Representatives on September 24 voted 288-133 to raise the number of H-1B visas available by 142,500 over the next

Health, Welfare and Poverty
Immigrant Health. Another study has concluded that immigrants become less healthy the longer they are in the US. A University of

Mexico: Border Cards, Voting, Economy
Border Cards. The US has issued six million border-crossing cards to Mexican residents of border areas that permit card holders to travel up

Census 2000, Foreign Students
Census 2000. As the Census Bureau prepares for the year 2000 count, a dispute persists about how to conduct it. The major issue is whether

Canada: Border Checks
Section 110 of the 1996 IIRIRA (Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act) required the INS to develop a system for recording the

California: Politics, Koreatown, Population
Politics. California has 14.2 million registered voters, including 700,000 Asian Americans, five percent of all registered voters. Another 11


Asia: Urban-Rural, Economy
Urban-Rural. There is a significant urban-rural migration within southeast Asia, with rural-urban migrants returning to villages as they lose

China/Hong Kong
China. The number of nonimmigrant visas issued to Chinese coming to the US as students, business visitors and tourists has more than

Japan: Neikajin, Foreign Students
Ethnic Japanese from Brazil have flocked to Japan since the late 1980s, but some are now returning to Brazil because of Japan's economic crisis--an

Malaysia, Singapore
Malaysia. On August 31, 1998, the Malaysian government adopted a "Friendly and Firm" policy that gave about 300,000 migrants whose work


EU: Mobility, Schengen
On September 10, the Yugoslav government suspended bilateral accords with the EU for the repatriation of rejected asylum seekers, including ethnic

Germany: SPD Wins
Election. In elections held September 27, the Social Democratic Party (SPD), led by Gerhard Schroeder, received 41 percent of the vote,

France: Amnesty Controversy
The socialist government elected in France in 1997 promised a new approach to immigration and asylum, and launched an amnesty program for thousands

Britain, Ireland: Asylum
In August 1998, some 4,400 foreigners applied for asylum in the UK, bringing the total for the first eight months of 1998 to 27,000. Many were Czech

Immigration in Benelux
Netherlands. The Netherlands received 109,000 immigrants in 1996 and immigration is expected to remain at about 100,000 a year. The Dutch

Italy, Spain: Illegal Immigrants
Italy. Italian Interior Minister Giorgio Napolitano announced in August 1998 that the government would propose quotas by nationality on

Russia: Emigration?
Russia's economic troubles caused some neighboring countries and Israel to make plans for a wave of emigrants. Russia in 1999 may default on as much


Africa: Migration, Renaissance?
Africa's 55 countries are almost a third of the world's nation states, but the continent's 750 million residents, are only about 12 percent of the

The UN in September 1998 recommended extended for two years the term of Sadako Ogata, the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, until December 31,

Middle East
Jordan began a crackdown on illegal foreigners on October 1, 1998, prompting "hundreds" of foreigners to attempt to legalize their status. Some

Israel: Foreign Workers
Eric Cohen of Hebrew University estimated that there were 95,000 illegal foreign workers in Israel in 1996. The current estimate of the Labor

Australia/New Zealand
Australia. Australia went to the polls on October 3, 1998, and the ruling Liberal and National coalition that has governed the country since

UN Technical Symposium
The United Nations ACC Task Force on Basic Social Services for All (BSSA) organized a Technical Symposium on International Migration and Development

Human Development Report 1998
UN Development Program. 1998. Human Development Report 1998 The United Nations Development Program released its Human Development Report