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July 1999, Volume 6, Number 7

The Americas

INS: Citizenship , Border
Citizenship. The 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals in a 2-1 decision upheld the power of the INS to revoke administratively the US citizenship

California: Economy, Driver's Licenses
California's unemployment rate fell to 5.2 percent in May 1999, the lowest rate since 1990, as the state added 56,000 jobs, almost 2,000 a day.

Central America, Caribbean
Hondurans and Nicaraguans who were in the US by December 31, 1998 may apply for Temporary Protected Status that permits them to remain in the US

Welfare: Public Charge
Public Charge. US immigration law has for over a century included a provision that allows the government to deport persons who are public

H-1Bs: Visas Run Out
H-1B. The INS announced in June 1999 that the 115,000 cap on H-1B visas was reached in June 1999 [the US fiscal year ends September 30]. No

Canada: US Migrants, Quebec
On Canada Day, July 1, a refurbished Pier 21 in Halifax was declared a national monument to immigrants and hailed as Canada's Ellis Island; about 20

Mexico: Demography, Remittances
The 16th Binational Commission meeting was held in June 1999. US Attorney General Janet Reno pledged to "do everything necessary to protect human

Population, Schools, Integration
Population. Phoenix was the fastest growing large US city in the 1990s, expanding by 21 percent to 1.2 million, followed by San Antonio and


Hong Kong: Mainland
Mainland. On June 26, 1999, China's 160-member Standing Committee of the National People's Congress in Beijing overturned the January 1999

Philippines: Migrants
As of January 1999, an estimated seven million Filipino migrant workers were employed abroad, mostly as blue-collar workers, maids or professionals.

Japan, Korea
Japan. The number of registered foreign residents in Japan for more than 90 days reached a record 1.5 million in 1998, including 639,000

Taiwan: Vietnamese
Taiwan, which has about 275,000 foreign workers from Thailand and the Philippines, will begin importing workers from Vietnam in September 1999 under

Singapore's Manpower Ministry ordered employment agencies to drop from their ads phrases such as "obedient Filipino." Some 800 employment agencies

Thailand: Second Ban
The Thai Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare announced in June 1999 that the work permits of 91,000 foreign workers would not be renewed when they


Kosovo: Refugees
A peace agreement was reached in June, 1999, 72 days after NATO began to bomb Yugoslavia to prevent Serbians from forcing ethnic Albanians from

Germany: Asylum, IFA
Asylum. There were 6,911 applications for asylum in May 1999, including 2,800 Yugoslavs, most of whom were Kosovo Albanians. In the first five

Switzerland: Asylum
On a per capita basis, Switzerland has the most asylum seekers in Europe: 583 applicants for each 100,000 residents in 1998, or 40,000 applications

UK: Asylum
The UK received a record 46,000 asylum applications in 1998. Half of the applications were filed at ports of entry and half from inside the UK. Some

Turkey: Ocalan
Kurdish leader Abdullah Ocalan was sentenced to death June 29, 1999 for treason, leading to generally peaceful protests among the estimated 500,000

Eastern Europe
Austria reported that, between January and May 1999, 13,031 persons were apprehended attempting to enter Austria. Kosovo Albanians and nationals of


Australia: Fighting Smuggling
Prime Minister John Howard in June 1999 announced an A$124 million program to fight people-smuggling. About 860 people have been caught trying to

Israel: Russians
Russian migration to Israel increased in 1999, the first sharp increase since the early 1990s. Some 12,000 Russians arrived in the first five months

South Africa
The African National Congress was reelected in South Africa in June 1999 elections and the ANC-led government made tackling crime one of its highest

Population, Refugees
Population. The world's population is expected to reach six billion on October 12, 1999, to increase to eight billion by the end of 2026, and

Middle East
Saudi Arabia. Per capita incomes in Saudi Arabia have been falling with the price of oil; they are only a third of what they were at the peak