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April 2000, Volume 7, Number 4

The Americas

Census 2000; Bilingual Education
Census of Population forms were mailed in March 2000; Census day is April 1, 2000. Some 83 million households received the seven-question short form,

Congress: More H-1Bs
It is often said that the dynamics of the immigration issue have changed significantly between the early and mid-1990s and the end of the 1990s.

California: Jobs, Welfare
California's unemployment rate was 4.6 percent in February 2000, the lowest level in 30 years, reflecting the gain of 40,200 workers during the

INS: Sanctions, Border
Congress and think tanks have been debating what to do about continued illegal immigration— there are an estimated six million unauthorized

INS: Detention, Asylum
Detention. In February 2000, there were 4,566 foreigners in INS custody who had finished serving sentences for US crimes and had been ordered

Canada: Section 110, Asylum
Section 110. The arrest of Ahmed Ressam, the Algerian-born Montreal resident who tried to enter Washington state with a carload of explosives

Mexico: Politics, Maquiladoras
National Action Party presidential candidate Vicente Fox in March 2000 said that, if elected July 2, 2000, he would deal with two issues that have

Cuba: Elian Gonzalez
On March 20, 2000, a federal judge refused to block INS efforts to return six-year old Elian Gonzalez to Cuba, ruling that only the US attorney

Latin America
Latin America's economy is expected to grow by 3.5 percent in 2000, up sharply from 1999, in part because of an expected infusion of $70 billion in


Japan: Foreigners
A New York Times article profiled the Japanese city of Sagamihara, which has a large immigrant population. In the 1980s, Sagamihara was selected to

Malaysia: More Migrants
As the economy recovers from the 1987-88 crisis, employers are requesting permission to employ more foreign workers, and the government is responding

Taiwan: Migrants Under 300,000
The Cabinet-level Council of Labor Affairs in March 2000 announced that, if they laid off a certain percentage of local workers within the past two

Philippines: Exporting Labor
The Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA) reported in January 2000 that 700,000 Filipino migrants were sent overseas between January


EU: Demography, Immigration
A United Nations report, "Replacement Migration: Is It a Solution to Declining and Aging Populations," released on March 22, 2000 concluded that, if

Germany: Green Cards?
In February 2000, the industrial association BITKOM (Bundesverband Informationswirtschaft, Telekommunikation und neue Medien) asked the German

Southern Europe
Spain. Spain held parliamentary elections on March 12, 2000, and most of the major parties promoted more immigration as a key to economic

UK, Ireland: Asylum
Among UK voters, immigration and asylum, taken together, have become the third most important issue among voters, after health and education. The

Austria, Switzerland
Austrian border guards apprehended 43,000 migrants attempting illegal entry in 1999, more than double the number caught in 1998. About 3,000

Turkey: Kurds
The Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK in Turkish), which has been fighting for self-rule for 12 million Kurds in Turkey since 1984, announced in February


Indian Transnationals
There are a million Indian-Americans in the US. They have among the highest median family incomes of any ethnic group, $60,000, compared to the

Australia/New Zealand
Australia. Queen Elizabeth praised Australia's immigration policy during a speech in Melbourne on March 23, saying cultural diversity was

Israel, Palestine
Foreign Workers. Israel has an estimated 150,000 foreign workers; half are illegal. Hanna Zohar, founder of Kav L'Oved, a volunteer

Africa: Remittances
Western Union, with 75,000 outlets in 175 countries and worldwide revenues of $5.2 billion in 1999, announced plans to expand services in Africa to

Economist on US Immigration
The Economist of March 11, 2000 included a survey, "The New Americans," that reviewed trends in immigration flows and integration patterns. The