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June 2000, Volume 7, Number 6

The Americas

Elian Gonzales: No Asylum Hearing
On June 1, 2000, the 11th Federal Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the right of immigration officials to deny Elian Gonzalez a political asylum

INS: Border, Smugglers
In May 2000, the GAO concluded that "alien smuggling is a significant and growing problem." The INS, which has 276 agents working on anti-smuggling

Congress: H-1B Debate
Most observers believe that Congress will approve an increase in the yearly H-1B quota, currently 115,000, before October 1, 2000, when the annual

Legalization, Hmong
The AFL-CIO in February 2000 called for a legalization for the estimated six million unauthorized foreigners in the US and an end to the enforcement

Mexico: Presidential Campaign
Presidential candidates Vicente Fox of the center-right National Action Party (PAN) and Cuauhtemoc Cardenas of the left-leaning Democratic Revolution

Canada: Chinese, Quebec
Canadian officials traveled to China in April 2000 to seek Chinese help to deter smuggling and to expedite the return of the Chinese migrants who

Labor: Unemployment
The US unemployment rate in April 2000 was 3.9 percent and 4.9 percent in California. California added 64,400 jobs in April 2000, or about 2,000 a

Latin America
Haiti. More Haitians seem to be setting out for Florida by way of the Bahamas. Carol Joseph, director of Haiti's National Migration Office,


Japan: 1.6 Million Foreigners
The number of registered foreign residents in Japan for more than 90 days hit a record 1.6 million at the end of 1999, accounting for 1.2 percent of

Korea: Migrants and Refugees
On May 1, 2000, Labor Day, Korean President Kim Dae-jung called for the improvement of the rights of migrants. Most legal foreign workers in Korea

China: Migrants, Trade
China has poverty and wealth belts. The poverty belt includes nine interior provinces and autonomous regions, plus the centrally administered city of

Taiwan: Filipinos
Taiwan's Cabinet-level Council of Labor Affairs stopped the entry of new Filipino migrants on June 1, 2000 who are recruited for manufacturing and

Indonesia, Philippines
Asia's major labor exporters-- the Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, China and Vietnam— are reconsidering their labor export policies. Indonesia,

Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore
Malaysia. Malaysia constantly modifies its migrant worker policies, periodically stopping the recruitment of new workers and announcing new


EU: Enlargement, Population
Enlargement. The European Union in May 2000 decided not to specify at the outset of negotiations how long nationals of Poland, the Czech

Germany: "Green Cards"
In May 2000, the German government agreed to offer what officials referred to as "green cards" to foreign computer specialists, paving the way for

UK: Asylum, Labor
Some 71,000 foreigners applied for asylum in the UK in 1999, up from 46,000 in 1998, and immigration, to judge by public opinion surveys, has emerged

France: Migrants
The French Assembly in May 2000 approved a Green party motion to allow non-European foreign residents to vote in local elections in 2001. EU

Spain, Italy
Spain has a generous policy toward immigrants. Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar, re-elected in March 2000, said that "nowadays we are the ones who are

Northern Europe
Denmark/Norway. Denmark and Norway are major donors of foreign aid, contributing almost one percent of their GDP in foreign aid each year, far


South Africa: Illegals, Labor
The South African Home Affairs Minister, Mangosuthu Buthelezi, wants the newly created Immigrants Selection Board to speed up the processing of

Israel: Labor
Between 1989 and 2000, one million immigrants arrived in Israel from the ex-USSR— the one millionth immigrant arrived May 7, 2000.

Australia: Tougher Controls
On May 9, the Australian government unveiled a range of tough new measures to slow the influx of illegal immigrants to Australia. An additional US$68

Refugees, ILO
The United Nations Security Council in January 2000 discussed the plight of so-called "internally displaced people," persons who have been forced to