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October 2001, Volume 8, Number 10

The Americas

Terrorism: September 11, 2001
On September 11, 2001, four commercial planes were hijacked in the US. Using the planes as bombs, the hijackers flew two into the World Trade Center

Fox Visits Bush
Presidents Bush and Fox met in Washington DC on September 5, 2001, and then traveled together to Toledo, Ohio to promote free trade. Immigration was

Congress, INS
After the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, Congress shifted from debating a new legalization program for unauthorized Mexicans to stepped-up

Labor, H-Visas, Students
Unemployment jumped to 4.9 percent in August 2001 from 4.5 percent in July 2001, as US employers eliminated 100,000 jobs. The US manufacturing sector

Mexico: Borders, Economy
US Border. The INS reported that the number of illegal migrants apprehended in September 2001 trying to enter the U.S. from Mexico fell 40

Canada: Immigration, Guest Workers
Some 252,000 immigrants arrived in Canada between July 2000 and June 2001, the highest total since the Hungarian revolution in 1956, pushing the

Latin America
Cuba. A Swede living in the US was arrested in Cuba in September 2001 and charged with smuggling; he was caught on September 4, 2001 in the


China, Taiwan, Hong Kong
Police in southeast China's Fujian province, announced that they broke up 30 smuggling rings, arresting 300 migrants and 280 smugglers in the first

Thailand, Malaysia
Thailand and Malaysia each have 500,000 to one million illegal migrants from poorer nearby countries, including Indonesia, the Philippines, Burma,

Japan: Jobs, Fujimori
Unemployment in Japan reached five percent in July and August 2001, the highest level since 1945, and reached 10 percent among young men between 18


EU: Terrorism, Asylum
European nations reacted to the events of September 11, 2001 individually and collectively by pledging support for US efforts to eradicate terrorism

UK: Sangatte, Asylum
Many asylum applicants from Afghanistan, Iraq and Africa believe they have a better chance of receiving asylum in the UK than in France. Thus, many

Germany, Austria
In the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the US, Germany relaxed its strict privacy laws to help the US investigation. Germany has

France: Chinese, Wine
In 2000, France received 38,590 asylum applications, an increase of 25 percent from 1999. France has a growing Chinese population. Most

Eastern Europe
Hungary. In April 2000, the Hungarian government proposed to give ethnic Hungarians in neighboring countries ID cards that would provide them

Spain, Morocco
During the summer of 2001, more Africans than usual attempted to cross the Strait of Gibralter in small boats between Morocco and Spain. Spain's

Greece, Turkey: Migrants
In the month of September 2001, Greece arrested over 1,200 migrants, and complained that Turkey was not doing enough to help curb the influx. Greece


An Indonesian ferry with 433 Afghans and Sri Lankans sank near Christmas Island in August 2001 en route to Australia. The migrants were rescued by a

South Africa. On September 10, 2001, gangs looted and set fire to shops owned by Somali migrants in Kwanobuhle township. A mosque in the

Smuggling, Slavery, WTO
Smuggling. Mladen Vulinec, director of Interpol's Trafficking in Human Beings branch, told a September 2001 conference in Budapest that