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March 2002, Volume 9, Number 3

The Americas

Enhanced Border Security
President Bush in January 2002 proposed an $11 billion border security budget, up from the current $9 billion. Under the Bush proposal, the INS

INS: Border, Benefits, Sanctions
President Bush requested $6.3 billion for the INS in FY03, a $1.6 billion or 24 percent increase in the INS budget. The Bush proposal includes $380

Labor: H-1B, Investors
The US unemployment rate fell to 5.6 percent in January 2002, down from 5.8 percent in December; California's rate rose to 6.2 percent from 6.1

Mexico: US, Migrants, Politics
Presidents Bush and Fox are scheduled to meet on March 22, 2002 to discuss a new immigration agreement. One expert said that, before September 11,

Foreign-Born, Poverty, Education
Foreign-born. The March 2000 Current Population Survey found that 56 million US residents, 20 percent of all US residents, were born abroad or

Canada: Guest Workers
Guest Workers. In 2000, some 7,300 Mexicans were among the 16,900 foreign farm workers admitted to Canada; the non-Mexicans were from Jamaica,

Latin America
Haiti. Haitians continue to emigrate, with many traveling in boats to the Bahamans and then to Florida. In January 2002, Bahamian authorities


China, Hong Kong, Taiwan
The week-long Chinese New Year holiday witnesses one of the world's largest migrations, as many internal Chinese migrants return to their villages of

Japan, Korea
Japan had 221,870 legal foreign workers on June 1, 2001, up seven percent from a year earlier, and up sharply from 96,528 in 1993. Japan admits

Southeast Asia
Malaysia. Malaysia has 770,000 legal foreign workers, and an estimated 450,000 unauthorized foreigners, for a total of 1.2 million. Some 74


EU: Mobility, Enlargement
The European Commission in February 2002 said that there is too little worker mobility in Europe despite freedom of movement guarantees that require,

Germany: Immigration, Integration
There were 7.3 million foreigners in Germany in 2000, making them 8.9 percent of 82.2 million residents. Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder in February

UK: Immigration, Sanctions
A February 2002 white paper, "Secure Borders, Safe Haven," outlined new proposed requirements for British citizenship and new guest worker and asylum

Benelux, France
Netherlands. Leefbaar Nederland (Livable Netherlands) is an anti-immigration party that polls suggest could win 10 to 22 seats in the

Russia, Eastern Europe
The Danish People's Party agreed to support the proposed DKK 417 billion budget of the Liberal-Conservative coalition government, which reduces

Southern Europe
Italy. An immigration reform law named for Deputy Prime Minister Gianfranco Fini and Umberto Bossi, head of the Northern League, and backed by

Russia, Eastern Europe
Russia plans to offer $35, three-day tourist visas to nationals of EU Schengen countries entering the country through selected points in a bid to


Australia: Asylum
Asylum. Migrants arriving "illegally" in Australia are detained. Most apply for asylum, have their applications rejected, and remain in

Middle East, South Asia
Bahrain. Individuals posing as labor inspectors are reportedly stopping foreign workers in the streets of Bahrain, asking to see their

Israel: Guest Workers, Conversions
Some 300,000 foreign workers live in Israel; 100,000 are legal. Farmers in February 2002 protested the government's decision to deny the admission of

Africa: Zimbabwe, Rwanda
Zimbabwe. Zimbabweans are reportedly migrating to South Africa to escape food shortages, unemployment and political violence ahead of the