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April 2002, Volume 9, Number 4

The Americas

Bush-Fox, Border, 245(i)
US President George W. Bush met Mexican President Vicente Fox on March 22, 2002 and announced a "smart borders" plan similar to the agreement the US

INS: Reorganize, Police, Sanctions
In an embarrassment for the INS, Huffman Aviation in Venice, Florida was notified in March 2002, six months after the September 11 hijackings, that

Labor: NLRB, H-1B, Sanctions
NLRB. The US Supreme Court in March 2002 ruled that unauthorized workers who are wrongly fired for union organizing are not entitled to back

Canada: Polls, Data
Polls. A February 2002 survey of 1,511 Canadians found that 54 percent of Canadians believe immigration should be reduced, while 26 percent

Mexico: Development Aid, Voting
Mexico hosted the UN International Conference on Financing for Development in March 2002, which concluded with 171 nations signing the "Monterrey

Welfare, Education
A higher percentage of immigrants than US-born residents receive cash welfare in the US, but the difference narrowed in the 1990s, largely because

Latin America
Haitians. The Florida Immigrant Advocacy Center sued the INS on behalf of 240 detained Haitians, arguing that the INS discriminated on the


China, Hong Kong
China. Prime Minister Zhu Rongji in March 2002 lamented the widening gap between rich and poor, and between coastal cities and inland farming

Korea: North, Amnesty
North Korea. North Korea controls immigration and emigration strictly. There has been a famine for the past five years, and many North Koreans

Japan: Asylum
Rejected asylum seekers who face deportation may be held in a detention center for an unlimited period under the Immigration Control and Refugee

Southeast Asia
Malaysia. Under an amendment to the Immigration Act of 1959, there will be harsher penalties, including whipping and heavy fines, for

Philippines: Nurses
Nurses employed by government hospitals in the Philippines earn 9,000 to 15,000 pesos a month, compared to 80,000 to 150,000 overseas, and many


Germany: New Immigration Law
Germany's Bundestag on March 1, 2002 voted 320-225 for the proposed SPD-Green immigration law, sending it to the upper house, the Bundesrat, for a

UK: Blunkett, Labor, London
The Los Angeles Times on March 4, 2002 profiled Home Office David Blunkett, sometimes mentioned as a possible successor to Tony Blair as Labor Party

France: Sangatte, Le Pen
SNCF Channel Tunnel rail freight services were suspended in March 2002 after 200 asylum seekers stormed the freight depot at Frethun, near Calais,

Denmark, Netherlands
Two of the most tolerant countries of Europe may be tightening restrictions on immigration. Denmark's conservative government, elected in November

Italy: Migrants, Labor
The Italian Interior Minister reports that the country has seen a steep rise in illegal immigration since the September 11 terrorists attacks. The

Eastern Europe
Slovakia, formed in 1993 when Czechoslovakia peacefully split, has 5.4 million residents, including Roma who allege they suffer discrimination that


Australia: Immigrants, Detention
Australia welcomed its sixth-million immigrant since World War II on March 18, 2002, a Filipino computer expert. Immigrants go mostly to Sydney and

South Asia
Pakistan. Pakistan reported that 1.9 million unauthorized foreigners living in Karachi were being registered by the National Aliens

Africa: Zimbabwe; South Africa
Zimbabwe. About three million of Zimbabwe's 5.6 million registered voters voted on March 9-11, 2002. President Robert Mugabe was declared the

Aging Population. About 10 percent of the world's 6.2 billion residents are over 60; by 2050, 20 percent of the 10 billion residents are