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October 2002, Volume 9, Number 10

The Americas

9-11: One Year Later
Public opinion polls taken around the time of the anniversary of the 2001 terrorist attack showed continued patriotism and support for the

INS: Border, Refugees, Visas
The INS reported 1,064,318 immigrants in FY01 (October 2000 to September 2001), up from 849,807 in FY00. Some 61 percent of the 2001 immigrants,

A Zogby poll found that 77 percent of respondents believe the US government is not doing enough to control the border, and 56 percent said amnesty

Labor: Unemployment, H-1Bs
The US unemployment rate fell to 5.7 percent in August 2002, as employment rose by 39,000 to 134 million. Average hourly earnings were $14.82,

Income, Education, Politics
The 2000 Census reported that 13 million immigrants arrived in the 1990s, and 73 million US residents moved across state lines between 1990 and

Canada: Population and Immigration
Canada's population was 31.4 million in July 2002, but fertility is only 1.5, and the populations of many rural areas are declining. Most

Mexico: Fox, Economy
President Vicente Fox, who has been in office since December 2000, used his September 1, 2002 Informe speech to call for more cooperation between

Latin America
An estimated $18 billion in remittances was sent to Latin America and the Caribbean in 2001 from migrants in the US, with another $5 billion


China: Migrants
North Korean asylum-seekers continued to enter foreign embassies in Beijing, despite efforts of Chinese police to prevent entry into the area

Southeast Asia
Malaysia. Malaysia began enforcing tougher immigration laws on August 1, 2000 that provide for fines of up to 10,000 ringgit ($1=3.80 ringgit),

Japan, Korea
Japan had 184,000 permanent resident status holders in 2001, double the number in 1997; there are an additional 500,000 special permanent status

South Asia: Afghans
Between March and August 2002, some two million Afghans returned in one of the fastest repatriations on record. A third returned to Kabul, whose


Germany, Austria, Switzerland
German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder and the Social Democratic Party won 38 percent of the vote in September 2002 elections. In the new 601-member

UK: Blunkett and Controversy
Home Secretary David Blunkett asked experts to draw up a "Britishness" test for applicants for British citizenship on "UK society and civic

France, Italy, Spain
On September 25, 2002, the French government announced proposed reforms to its asylum policies aimed at speeding up decision-making. By January

Northern Europe
Denmark. Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen reported that the number of asylum seekers fell by 52 percent in 2002 compared to 2001, from

Eastern Europe
Poland has a 700-mile eastern border, and the Polish government agreed to add border agents, bringing the total to 18,000, and technology to

Turkey: Migrants, Elections, EU
On September 11, 2001, Greece accused Turkey of ignoring a stranded sailboat with 80 migrants headed for Greek islands. Turkey responded that the


Australia, New Zealand
Australia detains asylum seekers who arrive without proper documentation or arrive illegally by ship, and has begun to bill them for their

The United Nations in September 2002 said that 14 million people face starvation in southern Africa, where drought, HIV-AIDS and politics are

Middle East: Migrants
The Israeli government suspended the entry of additional migrant workers until the end of 2003 due to Israel's rising unemployment, 10.6 percent

Sustainable Development
The 10-day UN World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa concluded with a nonbinding 65-page document that calls for