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April 2007, Volume 14, Number 2

The Americas

Congress: Reform Bills
Senate. The Senate Judiciary Committee took up immigration reform on February 28, 2007. Bush administration officials endorsed an expanded guest

DHS: Border, Interior
Border. The New York Times reported on February 21, 2007 that migrants were being deterred from entering the US along the Arizona-Mexico border.

States, Real ID
The Internal Revenue Service issued 1.5 million Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers in 2006, up from 1.2 million in 2005. ITINs, nine-digit

H-1B, Education, Trade
Economist Paul Samuelson was quoted in Business Week Online on February 27, 2007 explaining that the major economic impacts of immigration are

Mexico: Migrants, Emigration, Economy
President Bush visited Mexico in mid-March 2007. At their meeting, Mexican President Felipe Calder¢n denounced the border fence approved by Congress

Canada: Trade, Integration, Caregivers
Trade between Canada, Mexico and the US totaled $880 billion in 2006. The presidents of the three NAFTA countries are to meet later in 2007 to

Latin America
The Inter-American Development Bank reported that remittances to Latin America topped $62 billion in 2006, including $23 billion to Mexico, $7


China, Hong Kong
Migrants. China has up to 200 million rural residents not working in agriculture, including 140 million who have moved to cities for nonfarm jobs

Japan, Korea
Japan had two million foreign residents in 2005, up from 1.4 million in 1995. Two-thirds of the foreign residents are permanent residents, including

Southeast Asia
During their January 2007 Summit, leaders of the 10 ASEAN countries signed the ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of

South Asia: Migrants, Maids
In January 2007, thousands of migrants fled Assam state in northeast India after 61 were killed by militants opposed to their seasonal migration from


EU at 50: East-West, Services
The European Union celebrated the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Rome on March 25, 2007. What began as a free-trade area between

UK: Migrants
Numbers. The UK's International Passenger Survey found that over six million visitors have arrived from the so-called A8 countries that joined the EU

France, Germany
France. As the April 22, 2007 vote for president approaches, immigrants and their children in the suburbs have emerged as an important voting block.

Spain: Migrants, Canaries, Economy
Spain, a country of 44.4 million, had 4.6 million foreign residents in January 2006, including 580,000 Moroccans, 396,000 Ecuadorians, 373,000

Sweden, Netherlands
Sweden. The New York Times on January 13, 2007 profiled Nyamko Sabuni, the minister for integration and gender equality. Sabuni, a refugee from the

Russia, Eastern Europe
Russia. A Russian law effective January 1, 2007 will make it easier for migrant workers to register for six or 12 months of work, but also ban the


Australia, New Zealand
Australia, a country of 20 million, accepts about 100,000 immigrants a year. However, the fastest growth in foreigners arriving to work has been in

Middle East
Saudi Arabia. The Labor Ministry's Saudi Employment Strategy report estimates that 8.2 million foreigners account for 67 percent of the workforce and

Africa: Migrants
As spring approached, migrants began traveling by boat from Senegal and Mauritania to Spain's Canary Islands. In 2007, Africans were joined by South

Global: Population, Remittances, HLD
The world's population was 6.6 billion in July 2006; it has been increasing by an average of 80 million a year since 2000. The UN's World Population

OECD Factbook 2007: Migration
The OECD Factbook 2007 has 10 sections that provide data on 10 items, from population to economics to quality of life; there is a special section on

GAO: Guest Worker Programs
The GAO examined other countries' experiences with programs to admit foreign workers, efforts to prevent unauthorized worker employment, and