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January 2008, Volume 15, Number 1

The Americas

Congress: DREAM, Candidates
With the failure of comprehensive immigration reform in the Senate in June 2007, several incremental reforms dealing with particular groups of

DHS: No-Match, Border, Interior, Services
Michael Chertoff, Department of Homeland Security Secretary, in December 2007 urged states to comply with the Real ID Act and issue driver's

Unauthorized, States, Education
The Center for Immigration Studies estimated that there were 37.9 million foreign-born US residents in March 2007, including 11.3 million or 30

H-1B, Labor, Trade
The 23 million foreign-born workers were 15.3 percent of the 150 million-strong US labor force in 2006 (

Canada: Migrants, Quebec
Canada's Foreign Workers Program admitted 172,000 migrants in 2006, double the number admitted in 1996. Employers can get expedited processing of

Mexico: Remittances, Returns
Remittances to Mexico rose from $6.6 billion to $24 billion between 2000 and 2006, but stabilized in 2007. Much of the reported increase between

Latin America
Cuba. Some 11,487 Cubans arrived in the US via Mexico in FY07, double the number who arrived via this so-called "dusty foot" path in FY05. In FY07,


China: Rural, Labor, Fish
China had 737 million rural residents in 2007, meaning that 56 percent of its 1.3 billion residents were classified as rural. The government

Japan, Korea
Japan has about two million registered foreign residents, including 607,000 Koreans, 488,000 Chinese, 287,000 Brazilians and 200,000 Filipinos.

Southeast Asia
On November 20, 2007, Southeast Asian leaders signed a charter that marks the first step toward an EU-style economic community, with free movement

UAE, Iraq, India
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation of seven states, Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Quwain, with


EU: Schengen, Labor
Schengen. The Schengen border-free zone, launched by five countries in 1985 and incorporated into the EU in 1997, allows free travel within 13 EU

UK, Ireland: Migrants
The Home Office in October 2007 estimated that migrants expanded the British economy by L6 billion ($12 billion) in 2006. It emphasized that an

France, Switzerland, Germany
France. In November 2007, riots broke out in the northern suburbs of Paris, as second- and third-generation youth from immigrant families burned

Northern Europe, Benelux
Denmark. The New York Times on November 10, 2007 profiled Karen Jespersen, Denmark's newly appointed minister of social affairs who advocates

Italy, Spain, Greece
Italy. Italy in Fall 2007 experienced a backlash against Romanian immigrants accused of committing crimes. Near Rome, a 47-year old woman died

Eastern Europe
Poland. The New York Times reported that 1.1 million Poles arrived in the UK between May 2004 and May 2007. Enough stayed in Britain to make Poles


Australia, Fiji
Australia's population was 21 million in June 2007, up about 300,000 from the year before. About 56 percent of Australia's population growth is

Senegal, Zimbabwe
Senegal. A small town in Senegal is a hub for illegal migration to Europe. About two boats a week set sail from Elinkine aiming for the Canary

Global: Remittances
An October 2007 World Bank report estimated that migrants remitted $300 billion to developing countries in 1.5 billion transactions averaging $200

Agriculture for Development
The World Bank's World Development Report 2008 concluded that migration out of rural areas "is not a guaranteed pathway out of poverty." About 75

OFLC: Labor Certification
The US Office of Foreign Labor Certification released a report on its activities in August 2007, emphasizing that it is helping to "meet American