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April 2008, Volume 15, Number 2

The Americas

Candidates, Congress, Polls
The presumptive major party presidential candidates, John McCain, Hillary Clinton, and Barak Obama, have proposed or endorsed comprehensive

DHS: Border, Interior, Services
The number of immigrants "admitted" to the United States fell from almost 1.3 million in FY06 to just over a million in FY07. Most of these

Real ID, States and Cities
Real ID. Before the September 11, 2001 hijackings, 18 of the 19 terrorists had obtained, legitimately or by fraud, IDs such as driver's licenses

Labor, H-1B
The US unemployment rate jumped to five percent in December 2007, when almost 20 percent of the unemployed were jobless at least 27 weeks, and rose

Canada: Immigration, Migrants
Immigration. Canada admitted 251,649 permanent residents in 2006, including over half selected via a point system that grants points for knowledge of

Mexico: Migrants, Remittances, NAFTA
Mexican President Felipe Calderon complained in January 2008 about the way that especially Republican presidential candidates competed to be "the


China: Migrants, Taiwan
Migrants. China is in the midst of the world's largest rural-urban migration; some 200 million Chinese have moved away from their registered

Japan, Korea
Japan. Foreign workers protested low wages at a March 9, 2008 rally in Tokyo. The leader of the Zen-tooitsu Workers Union argued that many Chinese

Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore
Thailand. Thailand returned to civilian rule in January 2008, with Samak Sundaravej of the People Power Party filling in for deposed prime minister

Philippines: Migrants
The Philippines sent 1.1 million workers abroad in 2007, the same as in 2006, meaning that an average of 3,000 Filipinos a day left for foreign jobs.

South Asia
India. The New York Times on March 17, 2008 profiled Dilip Ratha, who grew up in the poor village of Sindhekela in the state of Orissa and now


EU: Blue Cards
Blue Card. The EU plans to introduce a blue-card immigrant visa for non-EU professionals who are offered jobs lasting at least one year. They could

UK, Ireland
Tiers. The UK on February 29, 2008 began phasing in its five-tier immigration system. Tier one, for highly skilled non-EU foreigners and investors,

Germany, France, Austria
Germany. Roland Koch, the Christian Democrat Union governor of the state of Hesse, rekindled debate over the integration of foreigners in the

Eastern Europe, Sweden, Russia
An estimated five million workers have left the Eastern European countries from the Baltics to Bulgaria for western Europe between 2004 and 2007 (the

Italy, Spain
Italy. Italians went to the polls on April 13-14, 2008. Silvio Berlusconi, who was prime minister between 2002 and 2006, defeated former Rome mayor

Greece, Turkey
Greece. Greece recognizes asylum seekers as refugees at a low rate, less than one percent in recent years. According to NGOs, most asylum seekers


Australia, New Zealand
Australia's unemployment rate fell to a 33-year low of 4.1 percent in January 2008, prompting Immigration Minister Chris Evans to announce plans to

The UAE is a group of even semiautonomous states that are using their oil money to build modern cities. Most private-sector workers are migrants.

Africa: Nurses, Mauritius
The World Health Organization sponsored a meeting in Uganda in March 2008 to deal with the African "health care worker crisis." The WHO says there

Global: Remittances
Remittances totaled $320 billion in 2007, according to the World Bank, including $240 billion to developing countries. Remittances were twice as

OECD: Migrants
The OECD released a report in April 2008 that estimated that 7.5 percent of residents of OECD countries were foreign-born in 2000, and nine percent

DOL and S & E Workers
The first of a series of seminars dealing with Science and Engineering Workers was held at University of California-Davis January 18, 2008; it dealt

Labor Projections, Immigration
Immigration. The 2007 Economic Report of the President, produced by his Council of Economic Advisers, includes Chapter 9 on immigration. Written to

The US Department of State reports that up to 50,000 women and girls were trafficked into the US each year, prompting Congress to enact the