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July 2009, Volume 16, Number 3

The Americas

Obama: Immigration Reform?
President Obama met with 30 Congressional leaders June 25, 2009 to begin "an honest discussion about the issues" involved in comprehensive

DHS: Border, Interior, Services
Border. DHS in May 2009 announced that it would resume construction of a "virtual fence" on the Mexico-US border. The keystone of the deterrence

Unemployment, H-1B, Education
The US unemployment rate rose to 9.5 percent in June 2009. Almost 15 million workers were jobless as the economy entered its 20th month in recession.

Unauthorized, Census
The Pew Hispanic Center reported that the number of unauthorized foreigners rose from 3.5 million in 1990 to 11.9 million in 2008, including 8.3

Mexico: Migration, Economy
There were 12.7 million Mexican-born US residents in 2008; a third of the almost 39 million US immigrants were Mexicans. Over half of the Mexicans

Canada: Border, TFWPs
Canada has high levels of immigration and public opinion that is satisfied that immigrants contribute economically to Canada. However, a January

Latin America
CARICOM. The 15-member Caribbean Community's Single Market and Economy treaty, which went into effect January 1, 2006, aims to promote free trade and


China: Recession; Taiwan, Hong Kong
Internal rural-urban migration is slowing as the global recession reduces the number of jobs on Chinese construction sites and in factories in

Japan, Korea
Japan. There are 2.2 million registered foreigners in Japan, including up to 200,000 foreign trainees and interns. There are also 110,000

Southeast Asia
Thailand and Malaysia are the major migrant-receiving countries in Southeast Asia. Both are heavily dependent on migrant workers to produce

South Asia
Bangladesh. Some 645,779 Bangladeshis went abroad to work in the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009; remittances totaled $9.7 billion in 2008/09 from


EU: Economy, Migrants
The EU economy shrank by 2.5 percent in the first quarter of 2009; the US economy shrank by 6.1 percent. The unemployment rate of 9.5 percent in the

France, Germany, Switzerland
France. Over 500 French police rounded up 200 of the estimated 800 migrants attempting to smuggle themselves into the UK via the Eurotunnel at

UK: Migrants, Ireland
Immigration is looming as an election issue in Britain. Between 2004 and 2008, over a million nationals of the so-called Accession 8 nations— the

Spain, Italy, Greece, Turkey
Spain was Europe's leading country of immigration between 2000 and 2007, adding about 4.5 million immigrants to bring the total to 5.2 million

Eastern Europe
Czech Republic. The Czech Republic had 362,000 foreign workers at the end of 2008, including about 30 percent each from neighboring Slovakia and


Australia, New Zealand
Australia expected 203,500 immigrants in the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, increasing its population almost one percent through immigration. In

South Africa: Jobs, Crime
Unemployment rose to 24 percent in South Africa in May 2009, as new President Jacob Zuma steered the country through its first recession since

Middle East: Iraq, UAE
Iraq. Foreign workers, already supporting US troops in American military cafeterias and working for contractors implementing infrastructure

Climate Change and Migration
Global warming is expected to change weather patterns and living conditions, which may encourage more migration. There are three major ways that

Recession and Migration in Asia
The world's GDP, the value of all goods and services produced, is expected to shrink in 2009 for the first time in a half century. Job losses are

Unions: Immigration Reform
Leaders of the AFL-CIO and Change to Win labor federations on April 14, 2009 unveiled a comprehensive immigration reform proposal with three key