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January 2010, Volume 17, Number 1

The Americas

Prospects for Immigration Reform
DHS Secretary Janet Napolitano on November 13, 2009 announced that the Obama administration supported a three-legged comprehensive immigration

DHS: Real ID, Border, Interior
The US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has a $43 billion budget for FY10. DHS's Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency (ICE) received $5.4

Health, Unemployment, Census
Health Insurance. The US spends $2.6 trillion a year on health care; private sector employers paid an average $3.50 an hour for their employees'

H-1B, S&E
The H-1B program provides US employers with easy access to foreign workers who have at least a BS degree or equivalent experience and who will be

Canada: Migrant Workers
On December 1, 2008, there were 251,235 temporary foreign workers in Canada, almost double the number in 2003; 192,519 foreigners with temporary work

Mexico: Migrants, Remittances
An August-September 2009 poll of 1,000 Mexicans in Mexico conducted for the Center for Immigration Studies found most respondents agreeing that


China: Migrants, Factories, Fertility
Discussions of Chinese migrants usually refer to rural-to-urban migration within China? some 150 million Chinese, mostly young men and women, are

Japan, Korea
Japan is in recession; the unemployment rate topped five percent in Fall 2009. The government in December 2009 announced plans to promote free trade

Southeast Asia
A free-trade agreement between China and the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations went into effect January 1, 2010, creating the third

South Asia
Bangladesh. The Bangladeshi government in December 2009 announced plans to register the 50,000 to 60,000 subagents who recruit migrant workers. Some

Middle East: Dubai, Israel, Iraq
Human Rights Watch estimated that there were 1.5 million foreign domestic helpers in Saudi Arabia in Fall 2009, and 600,000 in Kuwait. In July 2009,


EU: Stockholm, Population, Discrimination
Sweden passed the six-month rotating presidency of the EU to Spain on January 1, 2010. The EU's Lisbon treaty came into force on December 1, 2009,

UK: Migrants
Prime Minister Gordon Brown made his first major speech on immigration on November 11, 2009, promising to reduce non-EU immigration by tightening the

Benelux, France, Germany
France. President Nicolas Sarkozy launched a "national identity debate" in November 2009, encouraging French residents to think about what it means

Southern Europe
Spain. Spain has the EU's highest unemployment rate, over 19 percent, including 30 percent for foreigners (35 percent for Moroccans) in Fall 2009.

Northern, Eastern Europe
Sweden. Sweden on December 15, 2008 made it easier for employers to hire non-EU foreigners, and 14,000 were admitted in the first year of the new


Australia, New Zealand
Asylum. Conservative Prime Minister John Howard in 2001 won his third term in part by preventing a Norwegian freighter, the Tampa, from docking in

South Africa, Africa
South Africa, a country of 50 million with a per capita income of almost $10,000, is much richer than most other sub-Saharan countries. It attracts

Global: UN Migrants, Population
The UN estimated the stock of international migrants at 214 million in 2010, meaning that 3.1 percent of the world’s 6.9 billion people were living outside their country of birth (

GFMD Athens
The third Global Forum on Migration and Development was held in Athens November 2-6, 2009 (; the theme was Integrating Migration