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April 2012, Volume 19, Number 2

The Americas

DREAM, Congress
President Obama mentioned the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act in his 2012 State of the Union speech, urging Congress

DHS: Border, Interior, USCIS
President Obama requested $59 billion for DHS in FY13, including $39 billion in federal funds; the balance of the DHS budget comes from fees paid by

Foreign-Born, Education, Economy
The Pew Hispanic Center, using American Community Survey data, reported 40 million or 13 percent foreign-born US residents in 2010. Between 2000 and

Unemployment, Projections, H-1B, J-1
The US unemployment rate doubled between 2006-07 and 2009-10. The 2008-09 recession accelerated the shift toward employers hiring better-educated

Mexico: Labor, Elections
Remittances to Mexico topped $23 billion in 2011, below the peak $26 billion in 2007 but up from lower levels during the 2008-10 recession years.

Canada: Immigration
Canada admits about 275,000 immigrants a year, including two-thirds who are admitted after one member of the family achieves at least 67 points in a


China: Hukou, Economy, Apple
Most Chinese lived in cities for the first time in 2011, when there were 691 million urban residents and 657 million rural residents. In 1949, when

Japan: Migrants in Ag, IT, Health
There were 2.1 million registered foreigners in Japan in 2011. The four largest groups were Chinese, Koreans, Brazilians and Filipinos. The number

Southeast Asia
The 10 countries of Southeast Asia have over 600 million people, of whom 40 percent are in Indonesia. Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand are the major

South Asia
Bangladesh. The government, which says that there are eight million Bangladeshis in 124 countries remitting almost $12 billion in 2011, has

GCC: Migrants
The population of the six Gulf Cooperation Countries, almost 39 million in 2008, included 23 million natives and 16 million foreigners (41 percent).


EU: Migrants, Economy
Migration. There were 32.5 million foreigners in the EU 27 nations in 2010, including 31 million in the EU-15 countries. Over 20 million of these

UK: Migration, Tiers
The British Labor government in power between 1997 and 2010 opened doors wider to migrant workers between 2000 and 2005, but sought to restrict the

France, Germany, Benelux
France. Three major candidates for president sought votes before the April 22, 2012 first round of elections. Socialist Fran‡ois Hollande led

Greece, Italy, Spain
Greece. The number of registered foreigners in Greece has been falling, from 603,000 in 2009 to 448,000 in 2011. However, the number of foreigners

Eastern, Northern Europe
Russia. The quota for legal foreign workers was 1.7 million in 2011, but most estimates are that over five million workers from ex-USSR countries


Australia, New Zealand
Australia's economy is booming, as the "rocks" or resources portion of the "crops and rocks" economy expands by over 10 percent a year to provide

Africa: Migrants, Poverty
South Africa. The five BRICS nations, Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, met in New Delhi in March 2012 to celebrate their rising global

Migration and Development
Migration affects development, as when remittances reduce poverty in households receiving them, and development affects migration, as countries that