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October 2017, Volume 23, Number 4

RURAL AMERICA

California: Air, Housing
The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District, the state's largest, wants to delay implementation of the tighter standards on particulates

Meat and Migrants
Tyson Foods in August 2017 agreed to pay $12.6 million to settle suits brought by 3,300 meat workers in Iowa who sued for compensation to cover

Labor, Wages, H-1B
The US unemployment rate was 4.2 percent in September 2017, and lost 33,000 in a month marked by hurricanes in Texas and Florida. The labor force

FARM WORKERS

California: Mechanization
The Los Angeles Times reviewed the status of mechanization in various crops July 21, 2017, emphasizing the large number of prototype machines in

Florida, Southeast
Florida tomato growers want NAFTA re-negotiations to reduce imports of tomatoes from Mexico. In testimony to the House Agriculture Committee July

Midwest, Northeast, Northwest
Illinois. The number of jobs certified to be filled by H-2A workers more than doubled between FY16 and FY17, from 800 to 1,800. The Illinois AEWR of

UFW, ALRB, Unions
The July 14-30, 2017 California State Fair featured a first-ever exhibit on farm workers that highlighted photos of United Farm Workers union

IMMIGRATION

Trump, RAISE, Ag
President Trump in July 2017 said that the US does not need a wall along the entire 2,000-mile Mexico-US border; he said "from 700 to 900 miles" of

DHS: Border, ICE, DACA
DHS, with 250,000 employees in seven major agencies, aims to reduce illegal immigration. Trump proposed a 20 percent increase in the budget of the

H-2A; H-2B
US Department of Labor (DOL) certified 165,000 farm jobs to be filled with H-2A workers in FY16, and is expected to certify over 200,000 jobs in

NAFTA, Canada, Mexico
Canada, Mexico and the US held discussions to revise NAFTA in August and September 2017. President Trump wants to raise the required North American

Europe: Migrants
Over 13,000 migrants a month left Libya in boats in 2017. Italy received 100,000 or over 80 percent of the 130,000 migrants who reached the EU

Global Migration
The UN General Assembly in September 2016 proposed a Global Compact for "safe, orderly, and regular" migration led by of Mexico and Switzerland to

OTHER

Farm Wages and Food Costs: 2016
The US Bureau of Labor Statistic's Consumer Expenditure Survey (www.bls.gov/cex) reported there were 129.5 million US "consumer units" or households

California Agriculture
County agricultural commissioners released reports of 2016 revenue in summer 2017. Kern county led the state in farm sales, with $7.2 billion worth

Climate Change
The National Climate Assessment, prepared by 13 federal agencies, concluded that global warming is contributing to extreme weather events. The

Wine, Food
The availability of labor became a pressing concern in Napa and Sonoma counties in Fall 2017, where many vineyards rely on management companies

RESOURCES