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Rural Migration Blog

ILO: 164 million migrant workers in 2017

June 17, 2019

The UN reported 258 million international migrants in 2017, defined as persons outside their country of birth a year or more, up from 173 million in 2010 or up an average 12 million a year. Two-thirds of international migrants are in richer industrial countries, where migrants are an average 12 percent of residents.

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Over 28 million foreign-born US workers in 2018

June 17, 2019

A sixth of US workers, 28 million of the 162-million strong US labor force in 2018, were born outside the US. About half of foreign-born workers were Hispanic and a quarter were Asians. Hispanics were 11 percent of US-born workers and Asians were two percent.

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Census of Agriculture 2017: California Vegetables

June 17, 2019

The value of US vegetables, potatoes, and melons was $20 billion in 2017; California’s vegetable, potato, and melon sales were $8.4 billion or 43 percent of the US total. The COA reports data in several ways, including by NAICS code in Table 75; vegetables are NAICS 1112.

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COA 2017: Direct-Hire Farm Workers

June 17, 2019

The Census of Agriculture collected data on hired farm labor for 2017. Section 29 of the questionnaire asked farm operators to report how many directly hired workers worked on their operation for more and less than 150 days. Farmers also reported the total number of migrant workers, defined as foreign and domestic and direct hire and contract workers who could not return to their usual home because of work on the responding farm.

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COA 2017: Farm Labor Expenses

June 17, 2019

The Census of Agriculture collected data from farm employers on their hired farm labor in 2017. Section 30 of the questionnaire included Q10 that asked about expenditures for (1) directly hired labor, including employer payroll taxes and the cost of any employer-provided benefits, and (2) contract labor, wages as well as contractor payroll taxes, work-related benefits, and other contractor expenses and profits.

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Census of Agriculture 2017: Commodities and Producers

May 28, 2019

The Census of Agriculture found two million farms in 2017. Most were small operations, selling farm products worth less than $10,000. The largest 77,000 farms, each selling farm products worth $1 million or more, accounted for over two-thirds of total farm sales.

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Census of Agriculture 2017

May 28, 2019

The federal Census of Agriculture for 2017, conducted in years ending in two and seven, was released in April 2019. Almost 72 percent of those to whom the questionnaire was sent responded.

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Federal and State Minimum Wages

May 28, 2019

The federal minimum wage has been $7.25 an hour since 2009, but 29 states have raised their minimum wages above the federal level, such as the $12 an hour minimum wage in California in 2019. Many city and county governments have raised minimum wages, such as the $15 minimum wage in New York City.

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The Changing Nature of Work

May 28, 2019

Most of the world’s 3.6 billion workers are in developing countries, where two thirds of workers have informal jobs, defined as jobs that do not offer workers minimum wage protections and work-related benefits such as social security and health insurance.

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USDA Projections to 2028

May 28, 2019

USDA releases projections for the next decade each February. The projections to 2028 assume that consumer incomes will continue increasing in developing countries and that the US dollar will remain relatively strong. Rising incomes bolster demand abroad for US commodities, while the strong dollar makes US exports more expensive.

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