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Rural Migration Blog

Climate Change, Land, and Food Production

August 26, 2019

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released a report in August 2019 warning that the overexploitation of farm land and water resources threatens the world’s food supply. The report estimated that 500 million people currently live in places that are turning into desert, and that soil is being lost at a rate 10 to 100 times faster than it is forming.

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Mexico-US Trade Tops $671 billion in 2018

August 26, 2019

Mexico-US trade expanded over the past quarter century, from $100 billion in 1993 to $671 billion in 2018. US imports from Mexico are over $1 billion a day or $372 billion in 2018, and US exports to Mexico are almost $1 billion a day or $299 billion in 2018. The US runs a trade deficit with Mexico, about $73 billion in 2018.

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Major Influences Shaping the US Labor Market

August 26, 2019

Three major influences are shaping the US labor market, including a slower-growing, aging, and more diverse labor force, automation that eliminates manual and repetitive jobs, and fewer lasting ties between employers and workers. The US population is projected to increase to 440 million in 2050, when there are projected to be 185 million white non-Hispanic residents, 100 million Hispanics, 55 million Blacks, and 35 million Asians.

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The Future of Work

August 26, 2019

Work is central to life. Time is the major asset of most of the workers, and earning wages while using time to work is the major source of income for most families. The world’s labor force of 3.6 billion increases by 40 million a year, half the 80 million a year increase in the global population. Almost all labor force growth is in developing countries.

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Workers in Mexico’s Export Agriculture

August 26, 2019

About half of US fresh fruit and almost a third of US fresh vegetables are imported. Half of the fresh fruit imports and two-thirds of the fresh vegetable imports are from Mexico.

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The Future of Work

July 18, 2019

The world of work is changing rapidly, as machines replace humans in ever more jobs, the traditional employer-employee relationship morphs into workers become independent contractors or having only short-term contracts and part-time jobs, and economic inequality widens socio-economic divisions in many societies.

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The Changing Nature of Work: Formal and Informal Jobs

July 18, 2019

Most of the world’s 3.6 billion workers are in developing countries, where two thirds of workers have informal jobs, defined as jobs that do not offer workers minimum wage protections and work-related benefits such as social security and health insurance.

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The Changing Nature of Work: Social Protection

July 18, 2019

The World Bank’s 2019 World Development Report, The Changing Nature of Work, emphasized the more dynamic labor markets associated with labor-saving automation and globalization. The report urged governments to invest more in health and education so that workers can adapt to faster labor market churn, as when workers are displaced from one job and must find another.

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Net migration averaged 3 million a year between 2010 and 2020

July 18, 2019

UN population projections included international migration data. Three of the world’s eight regions were net immigration areas, and five were net outmigration areas.

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Global Population: 7.7 billion to 9.7 billion by 2050

July 18, 2019

The UN released new population projections that project the world’s population rising from 7.7 billion in 2019 to 9.7 billion in 2050 and peaking at 11 billion in 2100. The world added a billion people between 2007 and 2019.

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