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Rural Migration Blog

California Farm Workers: FTE and Average Earnings in 2016

July 9, 2018

Almost a million workers, over five percent of California's workers, were employed for wages in agriculture in 2016, a sector that accounted for less than two percent of the state's GDP. Despite fears of labor shortages, the number of hired farm workers has been rising, not falling.

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Trump and Migration after 500 Days

July 9, 2018

President Trump took office January 20, 2017 and issued three executive orders during his first week: to step up border and interior enforcement of immigration laws and to bar the entry of persons from particular countries and reduce refugee admissions. The border and interior enforcement orders are being implemented, the number of refugees has been reduced below 50,000 a year, and the US Supreme Court in June 2018 upheld the President's authority to bar citizens of particular countries who may pose security risks.

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Europe's Summer 2018 Migration Crisis

July 9, 2018

The EU 28 member states granted asylum to 538,000 foreigners in 2017. Two thirds were Syrians, Afghans and Iraqis, and 60 percent of those recognized as refugees were in Germany.

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Mexicans Elect President AMLO

July 9, 2018

Mexicans went to the polls July 1, 2018, selecting candidates for 3,400 federal, state, and local offices, from President to mayor. Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador or AMLO and his Movement for National Regeneration or Morena won 53 percent of the vote for president with a vow to reduce corruption and help Mexico's poor.

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Agricultural Guestworker Act (HR 4092)

July 9, 2018

Rep Bob Goodlatte's Agricultural Guestworker Act (HR 4092), approved by the House Judiciary Committee in October 2017, aims to give farmers easier access to guest workers. Goodlatte revised HR 4092 in 2018, and won the endorsement of the American Farm Bureau Federation. Goodlatte, who was an immigration lawyer in Roanoke, Virginia before being elected to Congress in 1992, is retiring in 2018.

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Recruiters or Merchants of Labor

June 18, 2018

Workers employed temporarily away from "home" often rely on private and for-profit recruiters to help them find jobs. Regulating these merchants of labor is problematic, in part because the ILO and other UN agencies believe that governments should provide no-cost job matching services for workers seeking jobs and employers seeking workers. ILO conventions call on employers seeking foreign workers to pay all recruitment costs.

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ICE Increases Employer Investigations and I-9 Audits

June 18, 2018

DHS’s Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency has increased investigations of employers suspected of hiring unauthorized workers. ICE’s Homeland Security Investigations division opened over 3,500 workplace investigations in the first seven months of FY18, and plans to open 5,500 investigations before FY18 ends September 30, 2018.

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Spanish Agriculture

June 18, 2018

Spain has the fourth largest agricultural sector in the EU, producing farm goods worth E47 billion in 2016 or 12 percent of the EU’s E405 billion in farm sales.

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World Wine Production and Consumption in 2017

June 18, 2018

The Paris-based OIV reported that global wine production was 250 million hectoliters in 2017, down almost 10 percent from 2016 due to poor weather in the EU, which produced 141 million hectoliters or 56 percent of the world’s wine ( A hectoliter is 100 liters, 26.4 gallons, or 133 bottles, so world wine production was 6.6 billion gallons.

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Foreign-born: higher labor force participation and lower unemployment

June 18, 2018

Foreign-born residents have higher labor force participation rates and lower unemployment rates than US-born workers.

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