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Rural Migration Blog

Climate Change and Migration

December 20, 2018

Almost 14,000 government delegates attended a UN climate conference in Katowice, Poland in December 2018 to develop rules to implement the Paris climate agreement of 2015, which called for global temperature increases to be kept below 1.5C or 2.7F. Some developing countries seeking funds to deal with climate change sent hundreds of delegates to Poland, including over 400 from Guinea and over 200 each from Congo and Ivory Coast.

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Almost 400,000 apprehensions in FY18

December 20, 2018

Some 396,600 foreigners were apprehended just inside US borders in FY18, up from 304,000 in FY17. These apprehensions included 107,200 parents with children under 18 and 50,000 unaccompanied minors. Apprehensions in the first months of FY19 averaged 50,000 a month, suggesting annual total of 500,000 or more.

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Record 44 million immigrants in 2016

December 20, 2018

The US had a record 44 million immigrants in 2016, according to tables released by Pew in September 2018, making them almost 14 percent of US residents. In 1970, there were fewer than 10 million immigrants, and they were less than five percent of US residents.

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$528 Billion in Remittances to Developing Countries in 2018

December 20, 2018

The World Bank estimated that remittances to developing countries were $528 billion in 2018. Half of these remittances were received by six countries: India received $80 billion, China ($67 billion), Mexico and the Philippines ($34 billion each), and Egypt ($26 billion) and Nigeria ($25 billion). Remittances were the largest share of GDP in ex-USSR countries and island states, led by Kyrgyz Republic, where remittances were 36 percent of GDP, and Tonga, 35 percent.

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ILO: 164 Million Migrant Workers in 2017

December 20, 2018

The UN reported 258 million international migrants in 2017. The ILO estimated that 164 million of these migrants, 70 percent of migrants 15 and older, were in the labor force of the countries to which they moved. The ILO estimated 150 million migrant workers in 2013, suggesting an average increase of 3.5 million migrant workers a year between 2013 and 2017.

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World wine production in 2018: 7.5 billion gallons or one gallon per person

November 27, 2018

World wine production rose 12 percent from 251 million hectoliters in 2017 to 282 million hectoliters or 7.5 billion gallons in 2018; one hectoliter is 26.4 gallons. The highest global production was in 2004, when almost 300 million hectoliters was produced, followed by 2013 with 290 million hectoliters.

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New Zealand's Recognized Seasonal Employer Program

November 27, 2018

On April 30, 2007, the New Zealand government launched the Recognized Seasonal Employer (RSE) scheme to admit up to 5,000 Pacific Island workers to fill seasonal jobs in horticulture and viticulture. The RSE program was designed with input from growers and aimed to benefit NZ farmers, migrant workers, and Pacific Island sending countries.

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Australia’s Seasonal Worker Program

November 27, 2018

Australia's hired horticultural workforce includes mostly legal temporary and unauthorized foreign workers. However, fewer than 10 percent of horticultural workers are guest workers admitted after employers test the labor market for local workers. This makes Australia different from Canada, New Zealand, and the US, where most temporary foreign workers are admitted only after farm employers try and fail to recruit local workers under government supervision.

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Central American Migrant Caravans

November 27, 2018

Several thousand Hondurans in October 2018 left San Pedro Sula to travel through Guatemala and Mexico to the US to apply for asylum. As they moved north, President Trump threatened to cut off aid to Honduras and to tear up the new USMCA trade agreement if Mexico did not prevent their transit. Trump said that border security is "far more important" to him than USMCA, the successor to NAFTA.

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Temporary Foreign Worker or Guest Worker Programs

November 27, 2018

Circular or temporary labor migration programs (TLMPs), also known as "guestworker" programs, aim to add workers temporarily to a country's labor force without adding permanent immigrants to its population. Many countries richer than their neighbors operate TLMPs. Some have multiple programs, including programs for seasonal workers, youth and students, and skilled workers and professionals.

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