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Rural Migration Blog

September 2018

Federal E-Verify and ICE Audits

The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 required newly hired employees to present to their employers documents attesting their identity and right to work in the US. Most employers, who are not required to authenticate worker-presented documents, attach copies of the documents to completed I-9 forms.

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State E-Verify Laws are not Enforced

Arizona was the first state to require all employers to use E-Verify to check the legal status of new hires. The Legal Arizona Workers Act required employers to enroll in the E-Verify system and submit data to DHS on new workers hired after January 1, 2008. The state may suspend the business licenses of employers found to have hired unauthorized workers for a first offense and revoke licenses for repeat offenses. The US Supreme Court upheld Arizona's LAWA in a 5-3 decision in 2011.

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Japan: Open Doors to Migrant Workers?

Japan has a shrinking population of 126 million and a shrinking labor force of 66 million. Japan has 2.4 million foreign residents and 1.3 million foreign workers, making foreigners two percent of residents and workers. The foreigners include almost 700,000 Chinese, 450,000 Koreans, 245,000 Filipinos, 200,000 Vietnamese, and 180,000 Brazilians.

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Mexico's Elusive Quest for Prosperity

Mexican economist Santiago Levy, the architect of Mexico's Progresa-Oportunidades-Prospera program that makes small payments to mothers who keep their children in school and ensure that they receive regular health check ups, has written a new book on why Mexico is not growing faster. Between 1996 and 2015, Mexico's economy expanded by 1.2 percent a year in real per capita terms, and labor productivity rose by 0.5 percent a year, even though average years of schooling rose from 7.7 to 9.6.

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Hispanic Share of US Labor Force up 8-Fold 1950-2016

The share of Hispanics in the US labor force increased eight-fold between 1970 and 2016, from less than two percent to over 13 percent. Growth was fastest for farmers and farm laborers: the Hispanic share of workers in this occupation rose almost 14 times, from less than two percent to 25 percent.

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