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Rural Migration Blog

March 2021

Labor Standards Enforcement in California Agriculture

California has a third of US farm workers and state labor standards laws that provide more protection for farm workers than federal laws. An analysis of 787 state labor law compliance investigations of California farms between 2016 and 2019 found that three-fourths of the farms owed back wages to their employees, and that most did not pay the back wages that were assessed by 2019.

Continue reading "Labor Standards Enforcement in California Agriculture"...  /  View PDF of "Labor Standards Enforcement in California Agriculture

Farm Labor and the Prosperity Paradox

Most of the world’s workers were employed in agriculture until the 20th century, when economic development in industrial countries pushed and pulled farmers and farm workers into nonfarm jobs, where wages are generally higher and most jobs offer benefits that range from health insurance to pensions. Youth growing up on farms are often attracted to the bright lights of cities for opportunity, explaining why there is far more rural-urban than international migration.

Continue reading "Farm Labor and the Prosperity Paradox"...  /  View PDF of "Farm Labor and the Prosperity Paradox


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