H-2A: Recruitment and AEWRs
The H-2A program allows farmers who anticipate labor shortages to be certified by DOL to recruit and employ H-2A workers to fill seasonal jobs that last up to 10 months. There is no cap on the number of H-2A workers, and about 10,000 US farm employers were certified to fill 317,000 seasonal farm jobs with H-2As in FY21.
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Mexico-US Agricultural Trade since Covid
The US has had an agricultural trade surplus since 1960, exporting farm commodities to other countries that are worth more than the value of the farm commodities that the US imports from other countries. However, the US has had an agricultural trade deficit with Mexico since 2014.
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Most US Fresh Cucumbers are Imported from Mexico
Cucumbers (Cucumis sativus) are the cylindrical fruits of creeping vine plants consumed as vegetables. There are three major types of cucumbers, which are 95 percent water. Slicing cucumbers are up to 10 inches long and have thick skins, English or burpless cucumbers have thin skins, and shorter and fatter pickling cucumbers are pickled with brine, sugar and vinegar.
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Many US wineries reported that 2021 was their best-ever year, a sharp turnaround from 2020, which many wineries described as their worst-ever year. About 10 percent of US wine sales were made via the internet in 2021.
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Alternatives to Hand Labor in Blueberries
Blueberries are the berries of perennial flowering plants. Lowbush or wild blueberries are native to North America, while highbush or cultivated blueberries were introduced from Europe to New Jersey in the 1930s. Canada is the leading producer of lowbush blueberries, and the US is the leading producer of highbush blueberries, which are sometimes subdivided into northern or cold-weather and southern warm-weather or rabbiteye varieties.
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