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World wine production in 2018: 7.5 billion gallons or one gallon per person

November 27, 2018

World wine production rose 12 percent from 251 million hectoliters in 2017 to 282 million hectoliters or 7.5 billion gallons in 2018; one hectoliter is 26.4 gallons. The highest global production was in 2004, when almost 300 million hectoliters was produced, followed by 2013 with 290 million hectoliters.

World wine production in millions of hectoliters (1 hectoliter = 26.4 gallons)


Adapted from www.oiv.int.

Italy produced 17 percent of the world's wine in 2018, followed by France with 16 percent and Spain with 15 percent; these three countries produced 48 percent of the world's wine. The US was the fourth largest producer, accounting for eight percent of the world's wine in 2018, followed by Argentina and Chile, five percent each, and Australia, four percent.

European wine production rose in 2018 after droughts and frosts reduced 2017 wine production. Germany produced 9.8 million hectoliters, Portugal and Romania about 5.2 million hectoliters each, and Austria's three million hectoliters matched New Zealand's three million hectoliters. South Africa's drought reduced wine production to 9.5 million hectoliters.

Spain produced the most wine per person in 2018, 23 gallons, followed closely by Italy, 21 gallons, Chile, 19 gallons, and France 18 gallons. US wine production was two gallons per person.

Wine Production in 2018: Selected Countries
Country MHL-2018 Production Gallons mils Pop mils Gals/person
Italy 48.5 17% 1,280 60 21
France 46.4 16% 1,225 67 18
Spain 40.9 15% 1,080 47 23
US 23.9 8% 631 325 2
Argentina 14.5 5% 383 44 9
Chile 12.9 5% 341 18 19
Australia 12.5 4% 330 25 13
China 11 4% 290 1,400 0
Germany 9.8 3% 259 82 3
South Africa 9.5 3% 251 58 4
New Zealand 3 1% 79 5 16
Total 282 100% 7,445 7,500 1
1 hectoliter = 26.4 gallons
China produced 10.8 million hectoliters in 2017; no data are available for 2018
Adapted from www.oiv.int.

Europe had four million or 53 percent of the world's 7.6 million hectares of grape vineyards in 2017, led by 970,000 hectares in Spain, 790,000 in France, and 695,000 in Italy. Portugal had 195,000 hectares, Romania 190,000 hectares, and Greece and Germany about 100,000 hectares each. These vineyard areas include table, raisin, and wine grapes.

Europe had 53 percent of the world's 7.6 million hectares of grape vineyards in 2017
kha 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017/2016 Variation
Spain 975 974 975 967 -8.2
France 789 785 756 787 0.9
Italy 690 682 690 695 5.0
Portugal 224 204 195 194 -1.5
Romaina 192 191 191 191 -0.1
Greece 110 107 105 106 0.4
Germany 102 103 102 102 -0.1
Hungary 62 68 68 68 0.0
Bulgaria 63 64 64 64 0.0
Russia 63 87 85 85 0.0
Austria 45 45 46 46 -0.5
Switzerland 15 15 15 15 0.0
Other European countries 677 681 683 681 -2.1
Continental total 4,005 4,006 4,007 4,001 -6.1
Including the EU-28 Total 3,343 3,315 3,317 3,312 -5.6
Adapted from www.oiv.int.

There were 3.6 million hectares of vineyard outside Europe in 2017, including 870,000 in China, 450,000 in Turkey, 440,000 in the US, 225,000 in Argentina, 210,000 in Chile, 145,000 in Australia, and 130,000 in South Africa.

China had a quarter of vineyard acreage outside Europe in 2017

Total areas under vines outside Europe
kha 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017/2016 Variation
China 813 847 864 870 5.9
Turkey 502 497 468 448 -19.7
United States 450 446 441 441 0.3
Argentina 228 225 224 223 -1.2
Chile 213 214 209 209 0.0
Austraila 154 147 145 145 -0.6
South Africa 132 130 129 125 -3.7
Brazil 87 86 86 86 -0.1
New Zealand 38 39 39 40 0.8
Other American countires 87 90 93 95 2.3
Other African countries 243 246 246 246 0.0
Other Asian countries 623 626 634 634 0.0
Total outside Europe 3,570 3,592 3,578 3,563 -16
Adapted from www.oiv.int.

World wine consumption in 2017 was estimated to be 245 million hectoliters, less than wine production and trending down from a peak 250 million hectoliters in 2007-08. The US consumed the most wine, 33 million hectoliters in 2017, followed by France, 27 million, Italy, 23 million, Germany, 20 million, China, 18 million, UK, 13 million, and Spain, 10 million.

The four leading wine-consuming countries, the US, France, Italy and Germany, accounted for a third of the world's wine consumption in 2017, and the leading 10 countries consumed two-thirds, the top four countries plus China, UK, Spain, Argentina, Russia, and Australia.

Four countries drank 1/3 of the world's wine in 2017; the top 10 drank 2/3

Main wine-consuming countries
ml 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
United States 30.8 30.6 30.9 31.7 32.6
France 27.8 27.5 27.3 27.1 27.0
Italy 20.8 19.5 21.4 22.4 22.6
Germany 20.4 20.3 19.6 20.1 20.2
China 16.5 15.5 16.2 17.3 17.9
United Kingdom 12.7 12.6 12.7 12.9 12.7
Spain 9.8 9.9 10.0 9.9 10.3
Argentina 10.4 9.9 10.3 9.4 8.9
Russia 10.4 9.6 9.2 9.1 8.9
Australia 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.8
Canada 4.9 4.7 4.9 5.0 4.9
Portugal 4.2 4.3 4.8 4.6 4.5
South Africa 3.7 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.5
Romania 4.6 4.7 4.0 3.8 4.1
Japan 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Netherlands 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.5
Brazil 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.3
Belgium 2.9 2.7 3.0 3.0 3.0
Switzerland 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.8
Austria 2.8 3.0 2.4 2.4 2.5
Hungary 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.4
Sweden 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4
Greece 3.0 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.3
Chile 2.9 3.0 2.6 2.4 2.2
Serbia 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.8 2.2
Czech Republic 1.6 1.6 1.9 1.9 1.8
Denmark 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Poland 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2
Croatia 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1
World 243 240 241 242 243
Adapted from www.oiv.int.

About 43 percent of the wine produced in 2017 was exported. Spain was the leading exporting, sending 22 million hectoliters abroad, followed by Italy, 21 million, and France, 15 million. These three countries accounted for 55 percent of the volume of wine exported and almost 60 percent of the value of wine exports, which were $35 billion. France exported wine worth $10 billion, Italy $7 billion, and Spain, $3 billion.

Over half of wine exports in 2017 were from Spain, Italy, and France

Main wine exporters (excluding juice and musts)
Country Volume (mhl) Value (m EUR)
2016 2017 2016 2017
Spain 24.4 22.1 2,649 2,814
Italy 20.6 21.4 5,582 5,873
France 14.4 15.4 8,263 8,989
Chile 9.1 9.8 1,668 1,741
Australia 7.5 8.0 1,543 1,727
South Africa 4.3 4.5 602 583
Germany 3.8 3.8 936 926
United States 3.8 3.3 1,415 1,280
Portugal 2.8 3.0 723 752
New Zealand 2.1 2.5 1,017 1,054
Argentina 2.6 2.2 739 713
Adapted from www.oiv.int.

About 55 percent of the wine exported was bottled; 45 percent was sent abroad in bulk bladders that fit inside a standard shipping container and contain 10,000 liters. Bulk wine is often bottled in the importing country.

About 8.5 million hectoliters of sparkling wine was exported, representing eight percent of wine exports but almost 20 percent of the value of wine exports, which were about $35 billion.

The five major wine importing countries by volume, Germany, UK, US, France, and China, accounted for over half of wine imports in 2017. By value, the US was the leading importer, followed by the UK, Germany, China, and France. France imports bulk wine from Spain and blends it with French wine.

Five countries accounted for over half of wine imports in 2017

Main wine importers (exluding musts)
Country Volume (mhl) Value (m EUR)
2016 2017 2016 2017
Germany 15.2 15.2 2,510 2,469
United Kingdom 13.5 13.2 3,499 3,453
United States 11.1 11.8 5,009 5,190
France 7.6 7.6 741 812
China 6.4 7.5 2,143 2,458
Russia 4.0 4.5 662 878
Netherlands 4.0 4.4 980 1,139
Canada 4.2 4.1 1,604 1,653
Belgium 3.1 3.1 902 897
Japan 2.7 2.6 1,343 1,388
Adapted from www.oiv.int.