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UFW and FLOC: Income and Members

December 20, 2019

There are two major US farm worker unions, the UFW in California and the Farm Labor Organizing Committee in Ohio and North Carolina. The UFW reported 7,481 members in 2018 who could vote, and 1,213 retired members and 371 agency payers who could not vote on union issues. The UFW reported about 5,000 members to DOL until 2013, 10,000 in 2013, and less than 8,000 in recent years.

FLOC’s membership rose from 7,500 to a peak of over 14,000 in 2006, and was 10,437 in 2018. Half of FLOC’s members were agency payers, including many Mexican H-2A guest workers brought to the US by the NC Growers Association.

The UFW charges three percent of gross wages in dues, and reported $4 million in dues and agency fees in 2018. With 7,852 members and due payers (retired members do not pay dues), this suggests an average $500 in dues and average worker earnings of $16,667 in 2018. The UFW has about 25 contracts, including several with mushroom farms where workers are employed year-round and in long-season vegetables including the D’Arrigo contract, likely the UFW’s largest covering 1,500 workers.

FLOC charges 2.5 percent and reported $600,000 in dues from 10,437 members and payers, suggesting average dues of $57 and $2,300 in earnings. Over half of FLOC workers have H-2A visas, and many workers are employed on farms with contracts and without FLOC contracts during the season.

UFW receipts and expenditures are 14 times higher than FLOC. The UFW reported $1.8 million in expenses for representational activities in 2018, $3.9 million in general overhead, and $400,000 for political activities and lobbying.

UFW and FLOC members, 2001-18 (UFW includes retirees)

UFW and FLOC members, 2001-18 (UFW includes retirees)
Year UFW FLOC
2001 4,962 7,366
2002 5,146 7,366
2003 5,367 7,366
2004 5,638 8,366
2005 5,485 10,660
2006 5,504 14,232
2007 5,254 10,365
2008 5,325 10,153
2009 5,325 10,047
2010 5,219 5,047
2011 4,264 9,100
2012 4,443 9,100
2013 10,278 10,172
2014 8,368 10,426
2015 8,724 9,100
2016 9,555 6,425
2017 9,961 7,790
2018 8,733 10,437

UFW and FLOC Receipts and Expenses($), 2001-18

UFW and FLOC Receipts and Expenses($), 2001-18
Year UFW Receipts UFW Disbursements FLOC Receipts FLOC Disbursements
2001 6,629,050 7,160,500 254,232 204,549
2002 6,881,772 7,431,927 164,803 153,351
2003 6,716,966 6,608,412 187,094 157,989
2004 6,668,763 7,247,636 272,465 216,599
2005 6,710,469 6,774,191 490,343 445,295
2006 6,373,269 6,624,551 781,726 646,770
2007 6,196,231 6,073,440 514,507 681,084
2008 6,446,247 5,683,478 337,509 418,998
2009 6,446,247 5,683,478 613,712 514,974
2010 6,932,943 7,170,861 523,059 532,640
2011 7,221,571 6,620,104 439,451 442,573
2012 7,470,884 8,709,953 499,283 520,294
2013 7,119,904 7,396,471 528,081 588,295
2014 6,956,943 6,857,503 600,556 486,812
2015 7,191,804 7,270,396 509,136 461,029
2016 7,844,003 7,491,906 546,581 431,584
2017 8,535,023 8,399,684 785,973 624,120
2018 8,203,082 8,210,166 607,843 623,415
Source: LM-2 Reports. UFW 000-323, FLOC 066-762