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EU Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

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March 29, 2022

EU farmers produced 41 million tons of fresh fruit and 48 million tons of fresh vegetables in 2021, about the same as in previous years. The most important fruit by weight was apples, 11.5 million tons, followed by oranges, 6.3 million tons, and watermelons, 3.2 million tons. The leading non-potato vegetables by weight were onions, 6.9 million tons, fresh tomatoes, 6.2 million tons, and carrots, 4.5 million tons.

EU farmers produced 31 million tons of fresh fruit and 48 million tons of fresh vegetables in 2021

Production Volume ('000 tonnes)
Fresh Fruit 2018 2019 2020 2021p
Apples 13,056 10,578 10,509 11,544
Oranges 6,515 6,102 6,387 6,310
Watermelons 3,192 3,010 3,086 3,219
Easy peelers 2,776 2,894 3,155 3,100
Peaches 2,640 2,764 2,493 2,278
Melons 1,791 1,723 1,720 1,993
Table grapes 1,788 1,747 1,745 1,724
Pears 2,335 1,939 2,219 1,589
Nectarines 1,198 1,285 990 855
Other 10,886 9,248 9,346 8,621
Total 46,177 41,290 41,651 41,235
Sources: AMI-informiert.de; Euronion; Europech; Eurostat; WAPA

 

Production Volume ('000 tonnes)
Fresh Vegetables1 2018 2019 2020 2021p
Onions, dry 5,332 6,649 6,252 6,890
Tomatoes2 6,752 6,263 6,238 6,170
Carrots 4,480 4,737 4,693 4,561
Cabbage 3,258 3,273 3,108 3,139
Peppers 2,656 2,844 2,908 3,129
Cucumbers 2,291 2,381 2,400 2,534
Lettuce 2,327 2,402 2,346 2,022
Cauliflower 2,237 2,157 2,175 1,760
Courgettes 1,536 1,552 1,651 1,417
Other 15,551 16,211 16,453 16,446
Total 46,421 48,469 48,224 48,068
1 Excluding potatoes
2 Excluding tomatoes for processing
Sources: AMI-informiert.de; Euronion; Europech; Eurostat; WAPA

Spain was the leading producer of both fresh fruit and fresh vegetables, accounting for a third of the EU’s fresh fruit and almost a quarter of the EU’s fresh vegetables. Italy was the second leading producer of both fresh fruit and vegetables, and Poland was third in fresh fruit and the Netherlands third in fresh vegetables.

Spain produced almost a third of the EU’s fresh fruit and a quarter of the EU’s fresh vegetables

Production Volume ('000 tonnes)
Fresh Fruit 2018 2019 2020 2021p
Spain 13,858 12,950 13,480 13,000
Italy 11,086 10,486 10,289 9,805
Poland 5,862 3,770 4,304 5,240
Greece 3,408 2,981 3,155 2,774
France 3,013 3,108 2,737 2,602
Romania 2,325 1,930 2,023 2,000
Germany 1,561 1,330 1,329 1,263
Portugal 1,117 1,281 1,159 1,260
Hungary 925 733 575 702
Netherlands 760 752 730 687
Belgium 658 642 626 648
Bulgaria 357 361 312 330
Austria 284 225 193 188
Croatia 212 177 167 180
Czechia 189 130 143 142
Cyprus 118 105 86 85
Slovenia 106 70 84 83
Sweden 49 41 49 48
Denmark 52 43 58 47
Slovakia 55 47 39 38
Lithunia 94 42 36 35
Ireland 26 26 19 19
Other EU 61 60 57 56
Total 46,177 41,290 41,651 41,235
Sources: AMI-informiert.de; Euronion; Europech; Eurostat; WAPA

 

Production Volume ('000 tonnes)
Fresh Vegetables3 2018 2019 2020 2021p
Spain 9,868 10,391 10,151 10,500
Italy 7,179 7,407 7,345 6,955
Netherlands 4,626 5,484 5,383 5,615
Poland 5,601 5,354 5,243 5,020
France 5,076 5,263 5,160 4,981
Germany 3,255 3,707 3,693 3,767
Romania 2,031 1,865 1,806 1,800
Belgium 1,620 1,777 1,726 1,727
Hungary 1,640 1,717 1,701 1,656
Greece 1,660 1,445 1,583 1,540
Portugal 799 794 1,101 1,100
Austria 563 611 644 675
Bulgaria 453 431 343 400
Sweden 308 346 395 386
Denmark 307 300 303 321
Finland 267 294 297 296
Czechia 199 226 252 252
Ireland 204 219 222 221
Lithunia 208 230 220 219
Croatia 156 144 187 170
Slovenia 100 119 136 136
Slovakia 103 122 115 115
Other EU 199 222 217 216
Total 46,421 48,469 48,224 48,068
3 Excluding products grown for processing
Sources: AMI-informiert.de; Euronion; Europech; Eurostat; WAPA

Spain’s major fresh fruit by weight was oranges; the 3.5 million tons produced in 2021 were a quarter of the country’s 13 million tons of fresh fruit production. Fresh tomatoes were Spain’s leading fresh vegetable, accounting for a sixth of the 10 million tons produced.

Oranges and tomatoes were the leading fresh fruit and vegetable produced in Spain

Production Volume ('000 tonnes)
Fresh Fruit 2018 2019 2020 2021p
Oranges 3,930 3,343 3,493 3,503
Easy peelers 2,385 1,832 2,346 2,100
Watermelons 1,092 1,211 1,235 1,319
Lemons 1,149 931 1,142 1,020
Melons 664 642 611 650
Apples1 484 571 446 507
Peaches1 623 666 534 490
Strawberries 345 352 273 361
Nectarines 547 573 484 320
Table grapes 273 332 298 307
Other 2,366 2,497 2,618 2,423
Total 13,858 12,950 13,480 13,000
1 Excluding products grown for processing
Sources: AMI-informiert.de; DGA; Eurostat; Europech; Fepex;

 

Production Volume ('000 tonnes)
Fresh Vegetables2 2018 2019 2020 2021p
Tomatoes1 2,070 2,008 1,821 1,703
Onions 1,431 1,600 1,132 1,567
Peppers1 1,155 1,312 1,393 1,430
Lettuce 935 1,009 962 1,157
Cucumbers 644 739 795 753
Courgettes 596 602 631 633
Broccoli 543 532 591 600
Carrots 382 386 393 417
Garlic 274 275 269 309
Other 1,838 1,928 2,164 1,931
Total 9,868 10,391 10,151 10,500
1 Excluding products grown for processing
2 Excluding potatoes
Sources: AMI-informiert.de; DGA; Eurostat; Europech; Fepex;

The UK, which left the EU in 2020, is a major importer of fruits and vegetables. About 30 percent of UK fresh fruit imports by volume were bananas, and a sixth of UK fresh vegetable imports were tomatoes.

Britain’s leading fresh fruit import was bananas, and the leading fresh vegetable import tomatoes

Imports Volume ('000 tonnes)
Fresh Fruit 2018 2019 2020 2021p
Bananas 1,074 1,080 1,033 1,030
Apples 372 338 337 338
Melons 319 323 314 318
Easy peelers 288 292 314 310
Table grapes 274 283 276 280
Oranges 271 266 265 255
Lemons/Limes 160 162 166 160
Pineapples 160 161 135 140
Pears 120 115 106 102
Other 623 637 601 607
Total 3,661 3,657 3,547 3,540
Sources: AMI-informiert.de; Defra; Eurostat

 

Imports Volume ('000 tonnes)
Fresh Vegetables1 2018 2019 2020 2021p
Tomatoes 411 409 380 355
Onions 400 477 298 300
Lettuce 216 217 228 215
Peppers 194 205 219 208
Cucumbers 169 189 194 195
Cauliflower/Broccoli 138 136 127 140
Mushrooms 130 132 114 135
Celery 54 53 59 65
Other 556 538 561 547
Total 2,268 2,356 2,180 2,160
1 Including products grown for processing
Sources: AMI-informiert.de; Defra; Eurostat

Trade. The EU sends fruits and vegetables from one EU member state to another, as from Spain to Germany, and imports fruits and vegetables from non-EU countries. Some 12 million tons of fresh fruit were imported from non-EU countries in 2021; over 40 percent of EU fresh fruit imports were bananas. About two million tons of fresh vegetables were imported. A third of EU fresh vegetable imports were tomatoes, often from Morocco, followed by an eighth onions, often from New Zealand.

The leading EU fresh fruit import was bananas, and the leading fresh vegetable import was tomatoes

Imports – Extra-EU Volume ('000 tonnes)
Fresh Fruit 2018 2019 2020 2021p
Bananas 5,119 5,044 5,292 5,244
Oranges 915 822 930 872
Pineapples 895 881 775 822
Avocados 533 532 604 654
Table grapes 518 520 498 569
Easy peelers 348 341 411 430
Watermelons 351 373 421 420
Lemons 434 332 391 409
Apples 439 366 360 348
Other 2,225 2,177 2,333 2,307
Total 11,777 11,387 12,015 12,075
Sources: AMI-informiert.de; Eurostat

 

Imports – Extra-EU Volume ('000 tonnes)
Fresh Vegetables1 2018 2019 2020 2021p
Tomatoes 576 583 621 669
Onions 250 536 275 304
Peppers 210 201 220 234
Cucumbers 71 72 100 124
Carrots 122 112 79 73
Courgettes 63 64 59 60
Mushrooms 19 30 30 28
Lettuce 19 21 16 16
Cauliflower 9 12 11 10
Other 540 555 561 588
Total 1,878 2,187 1,972 2,106
1 Including products grown for processing
Sources: AMI-informiert.de; Eurostat

The Netherlands is the leading importer of fresh fruit, including fruit that arrives in the EU’s largest port in Rotterdam and is shipped to other EU countries. Germany, which has almost 20 percent of EU residents, is the leading consumer of fresh fruit, including that produced in the EU and fruit imported from non-EU countries.

The Netherlands and Germany account for a third of EU fresh fruit imports from other EU member states and non-EU countries

Imports – Intra + Extra-EU ('000 tonnes)
Fresh Fruit 2018 2019 2020 2021p
Netherlands 5,034 5,154 5,391 5,531
Germany 5,391 5,456 5,662 5,226
France 3,450 3,433 3,429 3,575
Belgium 2,409 2,164 2,245 2,222
Spain 1,833 1,752 1,839 1,971
Italy 2,004 2,061 2,062 1,953
Poland 1,579 1,616 1,706 1,682
Portugal 869 841 903 890
Romania 780 804 815 826
Austria 696 708 719 673
Sweden 653 666 679 652
Other 4,173 4,215 4,145 4,215
Total 28,872 28,868 29,596 29,415
Sources: AMI-informiert.de; CSO; Ctifl; FPJ; GfK; Eurostat; Kantar; MAPA

Germany was the leading importer of fresh vegetables from other EU member states and non-EU countries

Imports – Intra + Extra-EU ('000 tonnes)
Fresh Vegetables1 2018 2019 2020 2021p
Germany 3,299 3,366 3,503 3,301
France 1,939 1,907 1,886 1,920
Netherlands 1,401 1,496 1,407 1,532
Belgium 1,096 1,099 1,143 1,146
Poland 614 827 779 764
Spain 648 663 642 678
Italy 651 733 651 639
Czechia 513 480 471 466
Romania 374 363 356 397
Sweden 347 357 348 335
Austria 332 338 314 326
Other 2,093 2,098 2,005 2,037
Total 13,307 13,727 13,505 13,542
1 Excluding potatoes
Sources: AMI-informiert.de; CSO; Ctifl; FPJ; GfK; Eurostat; Kantar; MAPA

References

Fruit Logistica. 2022. European Statistics Handbook 2022.

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