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Fruit and Vegetable Imports

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September 16, 2022

The US is expected to import $43 billion worth of fresh and processed fruits and vegetables in FY22, up from $39 billion in FY21. Some $16 billion of fresh fruit was imported in FY21, accounting for 40 percent of fruit and vegetable imports by value, followed by $10 billion or 25 percent fresh vegetables and $6 billion each for processed fruits and vegetables.

The leading commodities imported by value were berries, tomatoes, avocados, and bananas.

US fruit and vegetable imports are projected to reach $43 billion in FY22

The US is expected to produce fruits and nuts worth almost $30 billion in 2022 and vegetables and melons worth $20 billion, making fruits and vegetables worth $50 billion almost 20 percent of the $275 billion of crop cash receipts. Nuts account for a third of fruits and nuts, led by $5 billion of almonds, $3 billion of pistachios, and $1 billion of walnuts. The most valuable hand-harvested fruits include apples worth $3 billion, strawberries worth $2.5 billion, oranges worth $1.5 billion, and blueberries and cherries worth $1 billion each. Potatoes and dry beans are worth about $5 billion or a quarter of all vegetables; the leading hand-harvested vegetables include $2.5 billion worth of lettuce, $0.7 billion worth of broccoli, and $0.6 billion worth of fresh tomatoes.

Ag Trade. The US is expected to export farm commodities worth $196 billion in FY22 and to import farm commodities worth $192 billion, generating an $4 billion ag trade surplus. Imports have been rising faster than exports, shrinking the US ag trade surplus. Almost half of US farm exports by value go to Asia, including 20 percent to China, followed by 40 percent to the Americas, led by Canada and Mexico.

The US farm trade surplus peaked in 2013 and is shrinking

Corn and grain exports are projected to be worth $48 billion in 2022, soybeans and oilseed exports are expected to be worth $45 billion, livestock, poultry and dairy exports worth $43 billion, and horticultural exports worth $39 billion. US horticultural exports include $9 billion worth of tree nuts, $7 billion worth of fresh fruits and vegetables, and $7 billion worth of processed fruits and vegetables.

The US is projected to export $196 billion worth of farm commodities in FY22

U.S. agricultural exports: Value and volume by  commodity, fiscal years 2021–23
  Forecast Forecast
Commodity October—June Fiscal year Fiscal year 2022 Fiscal year 2023
FY2021 FY2022 2021 May August August
VALUE —Billion dollars—
Grains and feeds 32.708 36.777 42.599 46.7 47.8 46.5
  Wheat 5.054 5.484 7.251 8.4 8.1 7.8
  Rice 1.587 1.449 2.043 2.0 2.0 2.2
  Corn 14.124 15.977 17.397 19.1 19.2 19.1
  Sorghum 1.668 2.220 1.938 2.6 2.7 2.0
  Feeds and fodders 6.606 7.754 9.063 9.7 10.5 10.5
Oilseeds and products 32.984 37.847 37.700 44.3 45.3 46.6
  Soybeans 24.056 28.337 26.417 32.3 33.0 35.2
  Soybean meal 4.500 4.670 5.619 6.0 6.1 5.7
  Soybean oil 0.772 1.069 0.843 1.2 1.2 1.0
Livestock, poultry, and dairy 26.928 31.278 36.925 40.4 42.6 41.1
  Livestock products 17.291 19.520 23.667 25.3 26.1 25.2
    Beef and veal 6.011 8.202 8.659 10.2 10.9 9.8
    Pork 5.433 4.637 7.014 6.2 6.3 6.5
    Beef and pork variety meats 1.385 1.620 1.924 2.1 2.2 2.1
    Hides, skins, and furs 0.752 0.887 1.072 1.2 1.2 1.1
  Poultry and products 4.342 5.121 5.982 6.8 7.0 6.9
    Broiler meat 2.588 3.061 3.562 4.2 4.2 4.2
  Dairy products 5.295 6.637 7.276 8.4 9.5 9.0
Tobacco and products 0.776 0.611 1.065 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cotton 5.077 6.829 6.228 9.0 8.8 7.0
Seeds 1.380 1.447 1.658 1.6 1.7 1.7
Horticultural products 28.316 29.877 37.455 38.5 39.1 39.5
  Fruits and vegetables, fresh 5.277 5.105 7.146 7.3 6.9 7.1
  Fruits and vegetables, processed 5.297 5.451 7.030 7.1 7.2 7.3
  Tree nuts, whole and processed 6.984 7.798 8.824 9.4 9.8 9.5
Sugar and tropical products 4.193 4.557 5.686 5.9 5.9 6.0
Ethanol 1.907 3.233 2.424 3.8 4.2 4.2
Total 134.269 152.457 171.740 191.0 196.0 193.5
Major bulk products 52.441 60.957 62.482 74.2 73.8 73.3

The US is expected to import farm commodities worth $192 billion. The $96 billion in horticultural products include $18 billion worth of fresh fruit and $11 billion worth of fresh vegetables. Some $25 billion worth of alcoholic beverages a year are imported, including 45 percent spirits and a third wine.

The US is projected to import $192 billion worth of farm commodities in FY22

U.S. agricultural imports: Value and volume by commodity, fiscal years 2021–2022
  Fiscal year
Commodity October—March Fiscal year Fiscal year 2022
  FY 2021 FY 2022 2021 February May
VALUE —Billion dollars—
Livestock, dairy, and poultry 9.211 13.049 20.972 23.6 25.6
  Livestock and meats 7.132 10.313 16.354 18.7 20.3
    Cattle and calves 0.856 0.942 1.557 2.0 1.8
    Swine 0.213 0.268 0.531 0.5 0.6
    Beef and veal 2.980 4.678 7.423 8.7 9.5
    Pork 0.865 1.292 1.968 2.3 2.5
    Poultry 0.396 0.609 0.893 0.9 1.2
  Dairy products 1.684 2.126 3.724 4.0 4.1
    Cheese 0.659 0.744 1.430 1.6 1.7
Grains and feed 7.486 9.013 15.752 16.6 17.8
  Grain products 5.367 6.376 11.195 12.0 12.6
Oilseeds and products 5.280 7.911 12.600 13.5 14.5
    Vegetable oils 3.032 4.929 7.610 8.8 9.9
Horticulture products 41.658 47.452 86.147 89.0 92.2
  Fruits, fresh 8.188 9.711 15.513 16.3 17.5
  Fruits, processed 3.069 3.877 6.451 6.5 7.5
    Fruit juices 1.055 1.389 2.142 2.1 2.4
  Nuts, whole and processed 1.341 1.613 2.856 2.9 2.9
  Vegetables, fresh 5.683 5.861 10.513 10.7 10.7
  Vegetables, processed 3.136 3.582 6.513 6.8 7.0
  Wine 3.198 3.594 7.485 7.7 7.7
  Malt beer 2.944 3.106 6.377 6.4 6.4
  Distilled spirits 4.314 5.360 9.804 10.4 10.7
  Essential oils 2.092 2.203 4.413 4.4 4.4
  Cut flowers and nursery stock 1.371 1.693 2.825 2.9 3.1
Sugar and tropical products 11.211 13.401 23.918 25.9 26.5
  Sweeteners and products 2.418 3.076 5.365 5.5 5.9
    Confections 0.997 1.269 2.214 2.2 2.5
  Cocoa and products 2.674 2.747 5.353 5.5 5.5
  Coffee and products 2.933 4.280 6.733 7.3 8.0
Other imports 1/ 2.009 2.004 3.902 3.9 3.9
Total agricultural imports 76.855 92.829 163.291 172.5 180.5

Farm imports from Mexico are projected to be $44 billion, followed by $37 billion in farm imports from Canada and $35 billion from the EU. Mexico accounts for a quarter of US agricultural imports, followed by 20 percent each from Canada and the EU.

Mexico accounts for ¼ of US farm imports by value

U.S. agricultural imports: Value by region, fiscal years 2021–23
  Forecast Forecast
Region and country October—June Fiscal year Fiscal year 2022 Fiscal year 2023
  FY 2021 FY 2022 2021 May August August
VALUE ---Billion dollars---
Western Hemisphere 68.285 82.728 91.534 106.1 111.3 115.0
    Canada 21.092 26.201 29.530 34.8 36.6 36.2
    Mexico 28.213 33.183 36.468 42.9 44.4 46.9
    Central America 4.714 5.685 6.497 6.9 7.5 7.9
    Costa Rica 1.277 1.368 1.707 1.7 1.7 1.7
    Guatemala 1.721 2.123 2.353 2.6 2.8 3.0
    Other Central America 1.716 2.193 2.437 2.7 3.1 3.3
    Caribbean 1.401 1.403 1.880 1.8 1.8 1.8
    South America 12.864 16.255 17.159 20.1 21.0 22.2
    Argentina 1.056 1.327 1.533 1.6 1.7 1.7
    Brazil 3.353 4.414 4.529 6.0 5.9 6.3
    Chile 2.289 2.770 2.958 3.4 3.7 3.6
    Colombia 2.360 3.131 3.140 3.8 3.9 3.9
    Peru 2.191 2.809 2.922 3.6 3.8 4.0
    Other South America 1.615 1.805 2.076 1.7 2.0 2.7
Europe and Eurasia 24.189 27.435 33.161 35.1 37.0 38.2
    European Union-27 22.675 25.712 31.143 33.0 34.8 36.0
    United Kingdom 1.514 1.723 2.019 2.1 2.1 2.1
Asia 17.976 22.193 24.406 27.4 30.6 30.6
    East Asia 5.155 6.133 6.986 7.1 7.8 7.9
    China 2.965 3.681 3.992 4.0 4.5 4.3
    Other East Asia 2.190 2.452 2.994 3.1 3.3 3.6
    Southeast Asia 10.269 13.254 13.968 16.7 19.0 18.8
    Indonesia 2.071 3.702 3.054 5.2 6.0 6.0
    Malaysia 0.701 0.764 0.949 1.0 1.1 1.1
    Thailand 2.053 2.594 2.745 3.0 3.3 3.4
    Vietnam 1.578 1.939 2.349 2.3 2.6 2.5
  Other Southeast Asia 3.867 4.254 4.871 5.2 6.0 5.8
    South Asia 2.553 2.806 3.452 3.6 3.8 3.9
    India 2.250 2.457 3.044 3.1 3.3 3.4
Oceania 4.405 5.902 6.327 6.3 6.9 6.8
    Australia 2.278 3.116 3.284 3.2 3.6 3.5
    New Zealand 1.946 2.584 2.805 3.1 3.3 3.3
Africa 2.755 3.016 3.597 3.7 3.9 4.1
    Sub-Saharan Africa 2.194 2.292 2.860 2.8 3.0 3.2
    Côte d’Ivoire 0.892 0.681 1.037 1.0 1.0 1.2
Middle East 1.394 1.840 1.870 1.9 2.3 2.3
    Turkey 0.895 1.317 1.211 1.3 1.7 1.7
World total 120.803 145.433 163.341 180.5 192.0 197.0

USDA. ERS. Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade.


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