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April 1996, Volume 2, Number 2

Russia Privatizes Farm Land

Farm workers in November, 1995 were declared Russia's worst-paid
employees, averaging just R294,000 (about $60 per month), while the
average wage for all workers in Russia was about R565,000. Private
sector farms pay $70 per month.

President Yelstin decreed in the Spring of 1996 that Russia's
collective farms should be privatized by the end of 1996. There are
about 12 million Russians living on 26,000 collective farms. Since
1993, persons living on collective farms have had the right to turn
their collectives into private farms, but only about 120 collective
farms have been subdivided.

The Communist party and their Agrarian Party allies oppose
privatization, and few observers expect more than 20 to 30 percent of
Russia's collective farms to be privatized in 1996.

The number of British farm workers is about 170,000, and is
expected to fall to 100,000 by the year 2000.

In Spain, a drought in the southern Seville region in Fall 1995
was blamed for affecting 120,000 day laborers who were not needed to
pick citrus and olives.

Marshall Ingwerson, "Russian tillers struggle to hoe a roe of
their own," Christian Science Monitor, April 2, 1996. The British
Broadcasting Corporation, November 22, 1995.

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