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October 2017, Volume 23, Number 4
California: Average FTE Employment and Unique Farm Workers: 2007, 2012, and 2015
The average employment of hired workers in California agriculture (NAICS 11) has been rising. In 2015, some 16,400 agricultural establishments hired an average 421,300 workers and paid them $12.8 billion. Average employment is a measure of full-time equivalent jobs, not unique workers. Californiaâ€™s Employment Development Department extracted all Social Security Numbers reported by California agricultural establishments and found 848,000 unique workers in 2015, suggesting two unique workers per full-time equivalent job. This ratio of two workers per FTE job has been stable over the past decade.