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July 2018, Volume 24, Number 3

Average FTE and Unique Workers, 2014-16

Average employment and the number of unique workers employed in California agriculture (NAICS 11) has been rising, to 425,400 and 989,500 in 2016. Average employment represents 12 monthly snapshots of persons on the payroll during the period that includes the 12th of the month, and is a measure of full-time equivalent (FTE) jobs. Unique workers are all persons reported by employers when paying unemployment insurance taxes, including those not on the payroll during the 12th of the month. Average employment has been climbing slowly, but the number of unique workers rose by 142,000 between 2015 and 2016, suggesting that more workers are trying farm work.

Average FTE and Unique Workers, 2014-16

Table 1. FTE and Primary Worker Average Annual Pay, 2016
  Share of FTE Employ FTE Pay($) Primary Pay($) Primary Share FTE Hourly($) for 2080 hours
NAICS 11 All ag 100% 32,316 16,142 50% 15.54
NAICS 111 Crops 41% 34,411 20,540 60% 16.54
NAICS 1112 Vegetables 8% 39,809 26,092 66% 19.14
NAICS 1113 Fruits 23% 31,846 16,900 53% 15.31
NAICS 1114 Nursery 6% 35,250 27,124 77% 16.95
NAICS 112 Animals 7% 37,372 30,989 83% 17.97
NAICS 112120 Dairy 4% 36,864 31,433 85% 17.72
NAICS 1151 Crop support 51% 29,956 12,297 41% 14.40
NAICS 115113 Machine harvesting 2% 35,457 17,571 50% 17.05
NAICS 115114 Other postharvest 10% 40,846 23,485 57% 19.64
NAICS 115115 FLCs 34% 24,589 9,026 37% 11.82

 

Table 2. Farm Workers and Farm Jobs, 2014-16
Total Workers One Job Share Two Jobs Share 3 or more Share
2014 829,300 499,400 60% 220,500 27% 109,400 13%
2015 847,600 481,700 57% 217,200 26% 148,800 18%
2016 989,500 545,200 55% 258,500 26% 185,800 19%
Source: California EDD

 

Table 3. Primary Farm Workers with one Farm Job in 2016
Sheep Farming 92%
Hog and Pig Farming 92%
All Other Grain Farming 83%
Support activities for animal production 81%
Mushroom Production 80%
Dairy Cattle and Milk Production 75%
Floriculture Production 75%
Nursery and Tree Production 73%
Tree Nut Farming 71%
Farm Labor Contractors 70%
Other Vegetable and Melon Farming 67%
Postharvest Crop Activities 64%
Other Food Crops Grown Under Cover 64%
Crop Harvesting 64%
Farm Management Services 63%
Grape Vineyards 63%
Strawberry Farming 62%
Orange Groves 62%
Fruit and Tree Nut Combination Farming 61%
Citrus Groves 60%
Other Noncitrus Fruit Farming 60%
Vegetable and Melon Farming 59%
Cotton Ginning 56%
Berry (Except Strawberry) Farming 53%

 

Table 4. Farm Workers Receiving UI Benefits in 2016
All UI recipients Amount ($mil) Average
185,410 446 2,405
Number of Workers Amount of Benefits
18,031 $20-$500
155,449 $501-$5,000
11,743 $5,001-$10,000
Source: EDD analysis of unemployment insurance payroll tax data

 

Table 5. Share of Workers Receiving UI Benefits in 2016
Logging 47%
Cotton Ginning 45%
Vegetable and Melon Farming 33%
Crop Harvesting 28%
Postharvest Crop Activities 28%
Other Vegetable and Melon Farming 27%
Fruit and Tree Nut Combination Farming 25%
Citrus Groves 24%
Grape Vineyards 24%
Berry (Except Strawberry) Farming 23%
Farm Labor Contractors 19%
Strawberry Farming 15%
Orange Groves 15%
Tree Nut Farming 14%
Nursery and Tree Production 8%
Floriculture Production 6%
Dairy Cattle and Milk Production 4%
Mushroom Production 3%
Sheep Farming 2%

 

Table 6. Leading Counties and Commodities for Workers, 2016
County Name Number of Farm Workers
Kern County  
Farm Labor Contractors and Crew Leaders (FLC) 97,900
Tree Nut Farming 11,800
Grape Vineyards 11,300
Other Vegetable and Melon Farming 3,100
Other Noncitrus Fruit Farming 3,000
Total 150,300
   
Fresno County  
Farm Labor Contractors and Crew Leaders (FLC) 56,400
Postharvest Crop Activities 13,700
Grape Vineyards 10,100
Other Noncitrus Fruit Farming 4,200
Tree Nut Farming 3,900
Total 111,800
   
Monterey County  
Farm Labor Contractors and Crew Leaders (FLC) 40,700
Postharvest Crop Activities 16,300
Strawberry Farming 13,200
Other Vegetable and Melon Farming 11,000
Crop Harvesting, Primarily by Machine 5,200
Total 101,300
   
Tulare County  
Farm Labor Contractors and Crew Leaders (FLC) 49,400
Postharvest Crop Activities 6,700
Dairy Cattle and Milk Production 5,000
Grape Vineyards 3,700
Farm Management Services 2,600
Total 86,100
   
Ventura County  
Strawberry Farming 12,000
Farm Labor Contractors and Crew Leaders (FLC) 9,700
Berry (except Strawberry) Farming 5,400
Other Vegetable and Melon Farming 2,400
Employment Services 2,000
Total 41,600