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October 2019, Volume 25, Number 4

Global Migration, Population

President Trump, speaking at the UN General Assembly in September 2019, said "Many of the countries here today are coping with the challenges of uncontrolled migration. Each of you has the absolute right to protect your borders. And so, of course, does our country." Trump continued: "The future does not belong to globalists. The future belongs to patriots. The future belongs to sovereign and independent nations."

Returns. What happens to migrants who fail to get into industrial countries and apply for asylum? Many are reluctant to return to the families and relatives that financed their migration.

By some estimates, at least a quarter of migrants "fail" and return to their home countries. Some are returned by the International Organization for Migration, an intergovernmental organization funded that offers free transport home and sometimes re-integration services. IOM wants to avoid offering too many re-integration services for fear of creating a magnet for people to try and fail in migration in order to get ahead at home.

Population. Fewer children are dying as better nutrition, water, sanitation, vaccines and antibiotics spread to ever poorer countries and their residents. However, the drop in child mortality is uneven. In southern India, about two percent of children die before their fifth birthday, while in northern India the mortality rate is almost 10 percent. Similarly, child mortality is much lower in Lagos, Nigeria than in northern Nigeria.

Tourism. The World Tourism Organization reported that the number of international tourist arrivals more than doubled from 680 million in 2000 to 1.4 billion in 2018.

Thomas Cook, the world's oldest travel company that began in 1841 to carry temperance supporters 12 miles from Leicester to Loughborough, collapsed in September 2019 with debts of $2.5 billion, leaving 150,0000 British tourists stranded abroad. British tour operator Monarch collapsed in 2017, forcing the British government to repatriate 100,000 tourists.

Global debt reached almost $250 trillion in summer 2019, over three times the value of the world's GDP, $80 trillion. The debt is divided almost equally between households, governments, nonfinancial corporations and financial corporations. In Australia and Canada, household debt is over 150 percent of disposable income, while in the US household debt is about 90 percent of disposable income.