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July 2010, Volume 16, Number 3

Rural America

California: Prisons, Air, Budget
The eight San Joaquin Valley counties from San Joaquin in the north to Kern in the south have unemployment rates that are four to eight points higher

Fremont, Agriprocessors, FLSA
Hispanics are less than 10 percent of the residents of Fremont, Nebraska, which voted 57-43 percent on June 21, 2010 to punish landlords who rent to

Rural Development
North Dakota has the lowest state unemployment rate among states, four percent. However, there is often insufficient housing for workers moving to

Farm Workers

California: Overtime, DLSE, Joint Liability
Senate majority leader Dean Florez wants farm workers to have the same overtime wages as nonfarm workers, 1.5 times their usual wage for hours worked

Florida and NC: FLOC and CIW Boycotts
Boycotts, asking consumers not to buy particular products to reduce demand for a product or commodity and put pressure on growers with whom farm

Midwest, Northeast, Northwest, Dairy
Michigan COA. Michigan farmers had sales of almost $6 billion in 2007, including $1.4 billion of FVH commodities. In 2008, farm sales rose to $6.6

UFW, NLRB, Unions
UFW. The UFW reported $6.4 million in revenue and $5.7 million in expenses in 2009, about the same as in 2008 ( The 5,325

Farm Labor Data: COA, NASS, QCEW
Farm employers report their expenditures for hired labor and the number of workers they hire directly in the Census of Agriculture (COA) for years


Arizona, Polls, REPAIR
Arizona enacted a law in April 2010 making it a crime for unauthorized foreigners to be in the state, prompting Senate Democrats to announce a

AgJOBS and Labor Shortages
Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) re-introduced the Agricultural Job Opportunity Benefits and Security Act (AgJOBS), as S 1038 on May 14, 2009; a

The US Department of Labor largely reinstated the 1987-2008 regulations governing farm employer access to H-2A workers on March 15, 2010, reversing

Canada: Unions, Migrants
Unions. The UFCW, with 250,000 members the largest union representing private-sector workers in Canada, has been active in organizing and supporting

Italy, Spain: Migrants
Italy. Italy has about 1.7 million farms, but half are very small, under two hectares (five acres). About 200,000 Italian farms hire 1.1 million


Water, Lettuce, Commodities
Water. In May 2010, a federal judge ruled that biological opinions that restricted pumping water from the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta to farmers and

Wine, Food
California had 843,000 acres of grapes at the end of 2009, including 531,000 acres of wine grapes; 219,000 acres of raisin grapes; and 93,000 acres

Global: ILO, Countries
The ILO estimated that 1.1 billion farmers and workers were employed in agriculture in 2007, 35 percent of the world's 3.2 billion workers. The ILO

Sustainable Agricultural Systems
The World Commission on Environment and Development in 1987 defined sustainable agricultural systems as those that use land, air, water and other

Climate Change and Migration
Climate change, a significant change or increased variability in temperature or precipitation that persists for several decades, can occur because of


Weeding out Abuses
A 13-page June 2010 report outlined abuses allegedly suffered by farm workers, including wage theft, sexual harassment, and inferior and dangerous

HRW: Child Labor in US Agriculture
Human Rights Watch released a 99-page report on May 5, 2010 that estimated 300,000 to 400,000 children under 18 work on US farms. HRW reported that

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