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January 2013, Volume 19, Number 1

Rural America

California: Jobs, Immigration
California began to recover from the 2008-09 recession in 2012. Employment rose from 16.2 million in January 2012 to 16.5 million in November 2012,

Midwest: Hispanic Migrants
The US population of 308 million in 2010 included 258 million residents of metro areas and 50 million residents of non-metro areas. About 80 percent

Poverty, Health Insurance
California had the highest poverty rate of all states, almost 24 percent in 2011, under the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) developed by the

Farm Workers

California: Heat, Dairy, Dole
Heat. Since 2005, when there were four farm worker deaths linked to heat-stress and California adopted heat-stress regulations, there have been a

Florida, Southeast
Labor Cases. Vegetable farmer Swash Farms of Homestead and packer Jalaram Produce agreed to pay $232,000 in back wages after DOL investigators found

Midwest, Northeast, Northwest
Maine. Aroostook county is the center of Maine's potato and broccoli production. Smith's Farm ( has 4,000 acres of broccoli among

UFW, ALRB, Unions
The UFW is trying to use mandatory mediation to get contracts with farm employers where it was certified to represent workers but did not negotiate a

MSFW Programs, Training
MHS. The Migrant and Seasonal Head Start (MSHS) program provides early childhood education to children below the age of mandatory school attendance


Immigration Reform: AFBF, CFBF
Immigration reform is expected be a top domestic priority after issues surrounding the debt ceiling and spending cuts are resolved. President Obama

H-2A; H-2B
DOL published 2013 Adverse Effect Wage Rates on January 8, 2013. AEWRs range from a low of $9.50 an hour in states such as Louisiana and Mississippi

DHS: Border, Interior, USCIS
The Pew Hispanic Center estimated 11.1 million unauthorized foreigners in 2011, continuing the downward trend from 12 million in 2007. Of the 40

Canada, SA, UK
Canada. A mining company's plans to hire only Chinese migrant workers at a coal mine launched a discussion of temporary foreign workers in Fall 2012.


California: Commodities, Water, AB 32
California farm sales were $43.5 billion in 2011, up from $38 billion in 2010. There were 11 commodities with farm sales of over $1 billion in 2011,

US: Land, Ethanol, Policy
Farmland prices in the Midwestern corn belt continued to increase by more than 10 percent in 2012, marking the seventh year of rapidly rising prices.

Wine, Food, Fish
California's wine grape harvest was 3.8 million tons in 2012, up from 3.3 million tons in 2011. California produces about 10 percent of the world's

Global: Climate, Commodities
Global emissions of carbon dioxide rose three percent in 2011 and another three percent in 2012 with recovery from the global recession, making it

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