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October 2013, Volume 19, Number 4

Rural America

California: Jobs, Immigration
The eight-county San Joaquin Valley had four million residents in 2012, a labor force of 1.8 million, and an unemployment rate of 15 percent. There

Meat and Migrants
The Wall Street Journal on August 22, 2013 revisited the Swift & Company meatpacking plant in Greeley, Colorado that was raided by ICE agents

Poverty and Income 2012
Median household income was $51,000 in 2012, down nine percent from an inflation-adjusted peak of $56,100 in 1999. The median income of households

Farm Workers

California: LERF, FELS
The Labor Enforcement Task Force (LETF) brings together labor law enforcement agencies to deal with violations of state labor laws.

Florida, Southeast
The Coalition for Immokalee Workers targeted Wendy's in August 2013, demanding that the fast-food chain pay an extra 1.5 cents for the mature-green

Midwest, Northeast, Northwest
Vermont. Danilo Lopez, an unauthorized farm worker from Chiapas, arrived in Florida and later moved to Vermont to work on a dairy farm. Lopez was a

UFW, ALRB, Unions
The UFW organized an August 14, 2013 demonstration at the Bakersfield office of Representative Kevin McCarthy (R-CA), who opposes "amnesty" for

Worker Training
A bipartisan bill to reauthorize the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 was approved in July 2013 by a Senate committee. S 1356 requires each state to


Immigration Reform: House
The Senate approved the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013 (S 744) on a 68-32 vote in June 2013. The

White House, Labor Shortages
The White House released a report on July 29, 2013 highlighting the benefits of immigration reform to agriculture and rural communities. The report

H-2A; H-2B
H-2A. The US Department of State issued 65,345 H-2A visas in FY12 and rejected 8,000 applications for H-2A visas. In FY11, DOS issued 55,384 H-2A

DHS: Enforcement, E-Verify
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) had a $60 billion budget in FY13, including $50 billion in appropriated funds and $10 billion in fees

Canada, UK, SA
The Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario ordered Double Diamond Acres, a tomato farm in Kingsville, to pay C$$23,500 for wages lost after a worker from


How We Eat: 2012
The US Bureau of Labor Statistic's Consumer Expenditure Survey ( reported 124.4 million "consumer units" or households in 2012. They

California, US
California had farm sales of $44.7 billion in 2012, led by $6.6 billion Fresno county, $6.2 billion in Kern county, and $6.2 billion in Tulare

Wine, Food
California is expecting to crush 3.5 million tons of wine grapes in 2013, down from four million tons in 2012 but up from 3.3 million tons in 2011.

Global: Climate Change, Population
Climate Change. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released its fifth report in September 2013, emphasizing that global warming is real

Migrants, Remittances
There were 232 million international migrants in 2013, meaning that 3.2 percent of the world's people left their country of birth for a year or more.


Holmes: Broken Bodies
Seth Holmes is a medical anthropologist who lived and traveled with Triqui Indian farm workers from San Miguel, Oaxaca. Holmes began on a berry farm

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