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January 2014, Volume 20, Number 1

Rural America

California: Fresno, Air, Water
The Wall Street Journal profiled the city of Fresno's bleak finances October 31, 2013. Fresno, a city of 500,000 residents, had the least cash on

Meat and Migrants
After workplace raids removed unauthorized Mexican workers from meatpacking plants between 2005 and 2007, many meatpackers hired refugees from

Poverty, Health, SNAP
Poverty. When President Lyndon Johnson declared a "war on poverty" on January 8, 1964, about 10 percent of US residents lived in households that had

Farm Workers

California: FLCs, Data
There are about 1,200 FLCs in California according to AgSafe, which notes that some FLCs have two licenses that expire six months apart to ensure

Florida, Southeast
The Coalition of Immokalee Workers, a 20-year old organization of tomato pickers, was given the Four Freedoms Medal in October 2013 for its Fair Food

Midwest, Northeast, Northwest
Iowa. Farm labor contractors were blamed for violating labor laws in a December 29, 2013 report. Iowa, the leading corn-producing state, uses

UFW, ALRB, Unions
The National Park Service in October 2013 recommended four sites in California and one in Arizona to honor Cesar Chavez and the farm worker movement,

Projections, Mechanization
DOL's Bureau of Labor Statistics released employment projections for the 2012-22 decade in December 2013


Immigration Reform Stalls
Immigration reform took a back seat to other issues in Fall 2013, including the federal budget for 2014, the US government debt ceiling, and the roll

DHS: Border, Interior, USCIS
CBP. The US Border Patrol apprehended 420,000 unauthorized foreigners just inside US borders in FY13, representing 320,000 to 330,000 unique

H-2A; H-2B
DOL published Adverse Effect Wage Rates on January 6, 2013. The AEWR for each state or region is the weighted average hourly earnings of field and

Canada, ANZ, South Africa
Some US farmers would like the US to adopt a guest worker program similar to Canada's Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program, which admits Caribbean

Global Migration
There were 232 million international migrants in 2013, meaning that 3.2 percent of the world's people left their country of birth for a year or more.


California, US Agriculture
California farm sales approached a record $45 billion in 2012, almost 50 percent more than Iowa, where farm sales were $32 billion. As in previous

Europe, Africa
The EU provided $78 billion in aid to agriculture in 2013, and farm aid represented 43 percent of the EU budget. EU farm aid is projected to fall to

Wine, Food, GMOs
California farmers are planting more wine grapes, reviving talk of another wine glut that led to the removal of over 100,000 acres of vineyard after

Climate Change
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, in a report to be released in March 2014, projected that global warming could reduce world food

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