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Rural Migration News

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July 2020, Volume 26, Number 3

 Click here to download this issue as a PDF file

Rural America

California: Housing
California has expensive housing and 150,000 homeless residents. SB 50 aimed to reduce housing costs by limiting the ability of local governments to

Meat and Migrants
Meatpacking was considered an essential business during the coronavirus emergency, so most animal dis-assembly plants expected their employees to

Labor, Covid-19
Residents of most US states were ordered to stay home in mid-March 2020. The unemployment rate surged from 3.5 percent in February 2020 to 14.7

Farm Workers

California: Covid-19
California farmers faced higher labor costs and lower revenues due to Covid-19. Employers are required to have Injury and Illness Prevention Programs

Florida, Southeast
Immokalee in southwestern Florida emerged as a Covid-19 hotspot in June 2020 after 900 of 2,500 people tested, 36 percent, were found to be infected.

Midwest, Northeast, Northwest
Michigan. H-2A workers employed at Four Star Greenhouse in Carleton charged that they were underpaid between January and July 2018. The workers were

UFW, ALRB, Unions
The United Farm Workers reported that 50 workers went on strike to demand personal protective equipment in June 2020 at Primex Farms in Wasco after

Immigration

Covid-19 and Immigration
President Trump on April 22, 2020 signed the Proclamation Suspending Entry of Immigrants Who Present Risk to the U.S. Labor Market During the

DHS: Border
CBP. The Customs and Border Protection agency apprehended fewer than 34,000 foreigners in March 2020, including three-fourths who were solo Mexicans.

H-2A; H-2B
DOL certified over 13,000 farm employers to fill almost 258,000 jobs with H-2A guest workers in FY19. In the first two quarters of FY20, DOL

Canada, Mexico
The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement replaced NAFTA on July 1, 2020, with some new provisions still to be implemented. A major goal of USMCA is

Europe, Asia
After a two-month lockdown, European countries began to reopen their economies in May 2020. Governments required people to wear face masks in public

Global: Covid-19 Impacts
The number of Covid-19 cases surpassed 10 million at the end of June 2020, and 500,000 people died from the virus. A high share of those who die are

Other

California: Covid-19 Impacts
There were three major impacts of the coronavirus on agriculture. First, spending on food shifted from meals away from home to meals at home. This

US Ag, Trade
Covid-19 led to simultaneous shortages of meat and surpluses of milk and eggs in March-April 2020, as closed restaurants and other food service

Wine, Food
The global wine organization OIV reported 7.4 million hectares (18.4 million acres) of grape vineyards in April 2020, suggesting that the global

Climate Change
Carbon emissions dropped sharply in Spring 2020 due to economic lockdowns. As economies began to reopen in May-June 2020, some wanted to use the

The US Department of Labor?s Wage and Hour Division (WHD) is the major federal agency that protects the rights of US farm workers and H-2A guest workers. WHD enforces two agriculture-specific labor laws, the Migrant and Seasonal Worker Protection Act (MSP
WHD?s Back Wages and CMP Assessments for MSPA were $30 million, and for H-2A Violations $51 million, between FY00 and


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