The CARUCOM data were assembled from the Urban Institute's Under Class Data Base (UDB) for the 1980 and 1990 census years. This data base contains social, demographic, economic, and housing data on census tracts across the United States. Tracts may be viewed as approximating large neighborhoods because they tend to contain groups of residents with similar social characteristics, economic status, and housing conditions. Typically, a census tract includes between 2,500 and 8,000 persons. To illustrate the geographic detail provided by census tracts, in 1990 there were 9 census tracts in both Watsonville and Parlier.
We first extracted data on all census tracts in California's 11 major agricultural regions. With the aid of census maps, we then identified all tracts contained entirely or partly in rural towns with populations of between 1,000 and 20,000 and with 8 percent or more of their workforces employed principally in agriculture. The data include information on 47 variables for each of 66 California rural towns scattered across the counties of Fresno, Imperial, Kern, Kings, Merced, Monterey, Napa, San Joaquin, Stanislaus, Tulare, and Ventura. Although there were some changes in census tracts between 1980 and 1990, the UDB utilizes a "comparability file" produced by the Census Bureau to reconfigure data from 1990 into tract boundaries used in the 1980 Census. This makes it possible to track changes in demographic and economic characteristics of the communities we have "constructed" from these census tracts over time.
For each community included in the data base, a wide array of demographic and socioeconomic variables and percentage changes in these variables between 1980 and 1990 is available. The available communites may be selected either from the list or from the clickable map below. The data are of course constructed from specific Census Bureau categories, in order to see how the data follow from Census definitions, consult this description file.To download the master file from which the individual tables were created click here. (The file is 68k and is saved in tab delimited text so should be readable by any spreadsheet program.)
Data shown in Number of Families, Wage & Salary Households, Self-Employed Households, and Earned Income Households represent the number of cases used to calculate the Aggregate and Per Household Values.
For the purpose of comparison here are some tables which rank the CARUCOM communties according to key variables of interest:
|County||Town||Census Tract Number|
|Sanger||60, 61, 62|
|Calexico||119, 120, 121, 122|
|Corcoran||13, 14, 15|
|Farmersville||14, 15, 16|
|Contra Costa||Mariposa||San Diego||Tehama|
|Del Norte||Mendocino||San Francisco||Trinity|
|El Dorado||Merced||San Joaquin||Tulare|
|Fresno||Modoc||San Luis Obispo||Tuolumne|
This page created by Eric Van Dusen - 8/1/96. Last Update: 1/18/99. Please sends comments or suggestions to: Rural Data Comments.